Special Issue "Impact of Mineral Dust on Air Quality, Hydrological Cycle and Climate"

A special issue of Climate (ISSN 2225-1154).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2016)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Jiwen Fan

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PO Box 999, MSIN K9-30, Richland, WA 99352, USA
Website | E-Mail
Phone: 509/375-2116 (o)
Fax: 509-372-6168
Interests: cloud physics; aerosol-cloud interactions; convection; aerosol impacts; ice nucleation; weather and regional climate
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Yang Zhang

Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8208, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: air pollution modeling and assessment; atmospheric chemistry and transport; chemistry and dynamics of atmospheric aerosols; sensitivity; uncertainty; and process analysis; interactions among air quality; meteorology; climate change; earth system modeling

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Mineral dust—a type of abundant aerosol particles on Earth, can interact with other components of the Earth system, such as radiation, and produce a wide range of complex effects on, for instance, atmospheric composition, human health, the hydrological cycle, and climate. There have been increasing effort in studying these various interactions from modeling, laboratory, and field experiments. To improve our understanding of the impact of mineral dust on the Earth system, substantial efforts are needed in both observations and modeling. This Special Issue invites contributions that address mineral dust emissions, chemical, physical, and optical properties, and transport and removal, dust impact on atmospheric chemistry and air quality, cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and ice nuclei (IN) properties of mineral dust, as well as interactions of mineral dust with radiation, clouds, precipitation.

We invite submissions of novel, original investigation and review papers that have important scientific and policy implications.

Dr. Jiwen Fan
Prof. Dr. Yang Zhang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Climate is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 550 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


Keywords

  • Mineral dust emissions, transport, and removal
  • Mineral dust chemical, physical, and optical properties
  • Mineral dust impact on radiation
  • Mineral dust impact on atmospheric chemistry and air quality
  • Mineral dust impact on clouds, precipitation, and climate

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Dust Climatology of the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC) in Lancaster, California, USA
Climate 2017, 5(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli5010015
Received: 15 December 2016 / Revised: 16 February 2017 / Accepted: 21 February 2017 / Published: 25 February 2017
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (5669 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Abstract: A 15-year (1997–2011) climatology of dust events at the NASA DFRC in Lancaster, California, USA, was performed to evaluate how the extratropical systems were associated with dust storms over this region. For this study, we collected meteorological data for Edwards Air Force
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Abstract: A 15-year (1997–2011) climatology of dust events at the NASA DFRC in Lancaster, California, USA, was performed to evaluate how the extratropical systems were associated with dust storms over this region. For this study, we collected meteorological data for Edwards Air Force Base (EAFB) in Lancaster, California, which is very close to NASA DFRC, from wunderground.com, National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)/North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR), NCEP/Hydro-meteorological Prediction Center/National Weather Service (NWS), and Unisys analyses. We find that the dust events were associated with the development of a deep convective boundary layer, turbulence kinetic energy (TKE) ≥3 J/kg, a deep unstable lapse rate layer, a wind speed above the frictional threshold wind speed necessary to ablate dust from the surface (≥7.3 m/s), a presence of a cold trough above the deep planetary boundary layer (PBL), a strong cyclonic jet, an influx of vertical sensible heat from the surrounding area, and a low volumetric soil moisture fraction <0.3. The annual mean number of dust events, their mean duration, and the unit duration per number of event for each visibility range, when binned as <11.2 km, <8 km, <4.8 km, <1.6 km, and <1 km were calculated. The visibility range values were positively correlated with the annual mean number of dust events, duration of dust events, and the ratio of duration of dust events. The percentage of the dust events by season shows that most of the dust events occurred in autumn (44.7%), followed by spring (38.3%), and equally in summer and winter with these seasons each accounting for 8.5% of events. This study also shows that the summer had the highest percentage (10%) of the lowest visibility condition (<1 km) followed by autumn (2%). Neither of the other two seasons—winter and spring—experienced such a low visibility condition during the entire dust events over 15 years. Winter had the highest visibility (<11.2 km) percentage, which was 67% followed by spring (55%). Wind speed increasing to a value within the range of 3.6–11 m/s was typically associated with the dust events. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Mineral Dust on Air Quality, Hydrological Cycle and Climate)
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