Special Issue "Thermal Properties of Materials, Cells and Batteries"

A special issue of Batteries (ISSN 2313-0105).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2017

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Carlos Ziebert

Head of Battery Calorimeter Laboratory, Thermophysics and Thermodynamics Group, Institute for Applied Materials-Applied Materials Physics (IAM-AWP), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
Website1 | Website2 | E-Mail
Phone: +49-721/608-22919
Interests: lithium-ion batteries; battery calorimetry; thermal characterization of materials/cells/batteries; safety and thermal management; multiscale electric, electrochemical and thermal modeling of cells and batteries

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The thermal behaviour of (post) lithium-ion batteries and their active materials depend on a large variety of internal and environmental physicochemical parameters, which are still not deeply understood. Additionally, the specific materials’ design and, especially, the use of nanoscale materials influences heat generation and heat dissipation during operation of the electrochemical cells. Therefore, thermal characterization of the cells, batteries and their individual active and passive materials is required, in combination with multiscale electrical electrochemical, thermal and thermodynamic modelling, to obtain quantitative and reliable thermal and thermodynamic data.

This Special Issue addresses all techniques that are needed for such a holistic approach from the materials to the battery level. I want to invite you to publish your original research paper or a review paper in this Special Issue.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Thermal characterization techniques (DSC, DTA, TG, drop solution calorimetry, battery calorimetry, laser flash, hot-plate, thermography, etc.) for materials, cells and batteries
  • Studies on different modes of heat generation
  • Studies on the influence of nanoscale materials on the thermal properties
  • Development of safer materials and cell designs for thermal runaway prevention
  • Studies on the influence of ageing phenomena on thermal properties
  • Thermodynamic Modelling (CALPHAD, kinetic modelling) and database generation
  • Multiscale electric, electrochemical and thermal modelling of batteries
  • Using thermal and thermodynamic data in battery management systems (BMS) and thermal management systems (TMS)

Share your results to get a deeper understanding of the processes that lead to heat generation in cells and batteries, both under normal use and abuse conditions. This will be an important milestone to increase their safety and to fully use their potential, because the thermal data can be used as input data for battery and thermal management systems.

Dr. Carlos Ziebert
Guest Editor


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Batteries is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. For the first couple of issues the Article Processing Charge (APC) will be waived for well-prepared manuscripts. English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.



  • thermal characterization
  • active and passive materials
  • heat generation and dissipation
  • battery calorimetry
  • safety
  • battery management systems
  • thermal management systems
  • multiscale electric, electrochemical and thermal modelling
  • thermodynamic modelling

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle Test Method for Thermal Characterization of Li-Ion Cells and Verification of Cooling Concepts
Batteries 2017, 3(1), 3; doi:10.3390/batteries3010003
Received: 29 November 2016 / Revised: 18 January 2017 / Accepted: 19 January 2017 / Published: 26 January 2017
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Temperature gradients, thermal cycling and temperatures outside the optimal operation range can have a significant influence on the reliability and lifetime of Li-ion battery cells. Therefore, it is essential for the developer of large-scale battery systems to know the thermal characteristics, such as
[...] Read more.
Temperature gradients, thermal cycling and temperatures outside the optimal operation range can have a significant influence on the reliability and lifetime of Li-ion battery cells. Therefore, it is essential for the developer of large-scale battery systems to know the thermal characteristics, such as heat source location, heat capacity and thermal conductivity, of a single cell in order to design appropriate cooling measures. This paper describes an advanced test facility, which allows not only an estimation of the thermal properties of a battery cell, but also the verification of proposed cooling strategies in operation. To do this, an active measuring unit consisting of a temperature and heat flux density sensor and a Peltier element was developed. These temperature/heat flux sensing (THFS) units are uniformly arranged around a battery cell with a spatial resolution of 25 mm. Consequently, the temperature or heat flux density can be controlled individually, thus forming regions with constant temperature (cooling) or zero heat flux (insulation). This test setup covers the whole development loop from thermal characterization to the design and verification of the proposed cooling strategy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermal Properties of Materials, Cells and Batteries)

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