Special Issue "Sodium-Ion Battery: Materials and Devices"

A special issue of Batteries (ISSN 2313-0105).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Emma Kendrick

WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, United Kingdom
Website | E-Mail
Interests: novel battery materials and technologies; Na-ion; Li-ion; Mg-ion; cell manufacturing; cell design; composite electrode formulation; electrochemical test methods

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Room-temperature sodium-ion batteries (NIBs) may offer key benefits over other commercial battery technologies such as lithium-ion batteries and lead-acid batteries in cost, safety, and performance. Due to the highly abundant sodium source (seawater), the materials are not geographically limited in terms of supply, and thanks to improved safety implications for transport due to novel cell designs, NIBs offer potential alternative energy storage solutions to lithium-ion batteries for applications where cost and safety are key drivers.

NIB technology is still in its infancy, and despite recent advances, significant knowledge gaps still exist. Sodium-ion cell chemistries require research into materials, electrochemical testing methods, materials processing for electrodes, novel electrolyte systems, and a greater knowledge of the failure mechanisms for safety and performance. This special issue “Sodium-Ion Battery: Materials and Devices” will focus on aspects of advancements in sodium-ion technology.

Potential topics include but are not limited to:

  • - Novel sodium-ion materials, positive, negative, and electrolytes;
  • - Electrode design;
  • - Electrochemical test method;
  • - NIB cell design;
  • - Safety failure analysis;
  • - Performance lifetime and degradation studies.
Prof. Dr. Emma Kendrick
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Batteries is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) is waived for well-prepared manuscripts submitted to this issue. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • sodium-ion batteries
  • NIB
  • SIB
  • electrode
  • electrolyte
  • cathode
  • anode
  • cell design
  • safety
  • failure mechanism
  • degradation.

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission, see below for planned papers.

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Reaction Mechanism of Sb-Based Negative Electrode Materials for Na Batteries Investigated by Operando X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy: What Can We Really Learn?
Authors: Lorenzo Stievano 1,2, Ali Darwiche 1, Moulay T. Sougrati 1,2, Camille La Fontaine 3, and Laure Monconduit 1, 2
Affiliations: 1 ICGM-AIME UMR CNRS 5253, Universite de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
2 Réseau sur le Stockage Electrochimique de l’Energie, CNRS FR 3459, Amiens, France.
3 Synchrotron Soleil, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.
Abstract: p-block elements have been recently shown to be viable alternatives to hard carbon as negative electrode materials for Na-ion batteries, showing interesting performance with reversible capacities exceeding 400 mAh/g. Among them, Sb seems to have a specific affinity for Na, showing excellent cycling stability even in the simplest form of bulk Sb powder despite a huge volume expansion during the alloying process. The reason of this affinity has not been totally understood yet: while the electrochemical signature suggests the formation of several possible intermediates, the Na-Sb phase diagram indicates the existence of only one phase between the end member species formed during cycling, Sb and Na3Sb. Moreover, such intermediates are amorphous and thus totally indistinguishable by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Recently, we have studied the mechanism by Pair Distribution Function (PDF) analysis of synchrotron XRD data, and proposed possible short-range structures and compositions for the intermediates formed with pure Sb. With the goal of better understanding this specific affinity of Na for Sb, the electrochemical reaction of Sb with Na was thoroughly studied by operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). Sb K-edge XAS data were analysed using adapted chemometric tools (Principal Component Analysis and Multivariate Curve Resolution) in order to extract all information on the mechanisms of three compounds. The results of this analysis show that, while it is possible to gather important information for the reconstruction of the reaction paths, it is intrinsically impossible to prove by XAS the formation of some of the intermediates proposed in the case of Sb electrodes.

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