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Special Issue "Indoor Air Pollution"


A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2011)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Mukesh Dherani

Division of Public Health, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3GB, UK

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Indoor air pollution (IAP) is a well recognised source associated with a number of diseases. While in developed world research is focused on its sources such as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), volatile organic compounds and radon in soil, developing countries have focussed on solid fuel used for household energy as its main source. Solid fuel use is limited mainly to the rural part of the developing world, which accounts for nearly half of the world’s population. Therefore research focussing on solid fuel use provides information on global distribution of IAP.

Although literature pertaining to solid fuel use and its health impacts is growing, it remains sparse. Only pneumonia among children <5 years, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer (due to coal) are recognised as having substantial evidence to be linked with solid fuel use. Diseases such as tuberculosis, adverse pregnancy outcomes, cardiovascular diseases and others require further evidence to strengthen the association. There is also tremendous need to understand the variations in measurement of IAP and factors that determine such variations within household.

This special issue in Atmosphere is particularly dedicated to understand IAP in a broader sense. Manuscripts are invited that provide information on understanding variation in IAP measurement, estimating the association with various diseases to further evidence, measuring burden of disease due to IAP, assessing health benefits of mitigating factors, carrying out cost-benefit analyses and literature review and meta-analysis . Studies that provide information on factors that can be used as a proxy to assess the level IAP, particularly PM (particulate matter) or CO (carbon monoxide), models used to predict the variation and capturing dose-response relationship are also welcome.

Dr. Mukesh Dherani
Guest Editor


  • Indoor Air Pollution
  • solid fuel use
  • biomass, coal
  • particulate matter (PM)
  • carbon monoxide (CO)
  • exposure variation
  • dose-response relationship
  • literature review
  • meta-analysis

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle Effects of Floor Level and Building Type on Residential Levels of Outdoor and Indoor Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Black Carbon, and Particulate Matter in New York City
Atmosphere 2011, 2(2), 96-109; doi:10.3390/atmos2020096
Received: 11 April 2011 / Revised: 27 April 2011 / Accepted: 4 May 2011 / Published: 16 May 2011
Cited by 15 | PDF Full-text (621 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Consideration of the relationship between residential floor level and concentration of traffic-related airborne pollutants may predict individual residential exposure among inner city dwellers more accurately. Our objective was to characterize the vertical gradient of residential levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH; dichotomized into Σ8PAHsemivolatile (MW 178–206), and Σ8PAHnonvolatile (MW 228–278), black carbon (BC), PM2.5 (particulate matter) by floor level (FL), season and building type. We hypothesize that PAH, BC and PM2.5 concentrations may decrease with higher FL and the vertical gradients of these compounds would be affected by heating season and building type. PAH, BC and PM2.5 were measured over a two-week period outdoor and indoor of the residences of a cohort of 5–6 year old children (n = 339) living in New York City’s Northern Manhattan and the Bronx. Airborne-pollutant levels were analyzed by three categorized FL groups (0–2nd, 3rd–5th, and 6th–32nd FL) and two building types (low-rise versus high-rise apartment building). Indoor Σ8PAHnonvolatile and BC levels declined with increasing FL. During the nonheating season, the median outdoor Σ8PAHnonvolatile, but not Σ8PAHsemivolatile, level at 6th–2nd FL was 1.5–2 times lower than levels measured at lower FL. Similarly, outdoor and indoor BC concentrations at 6th–32nd FL were significantly lower than those at lower FL only during the nonheating season (p < 0.05). In addition, living in a low-rise building was associated significantly with higher levels of Σ8PAHnonvolatile and BC. These results suggest that young inner city children may be exposed to varying levels of air pollutants depending on their FL, season, and building type. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor Air Pollution)

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