Next Article in Journal
CO2 Adsorption by para-Nitroaniline Sulfuric Acid-Derived Porous Carbon Foam
Next Article in Special Issue
Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Three-Dimensional Carbon Nanostructures for Advanced Lithium-Ion Batteries
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperReview
C 2016, 2(4), 24; doi:10.3390/c2040024

Recent Progress in Design of Biomass-Derived Hard Carbons for Sodium Ion Batteries

1
Institut de Science des Matériaux de Mulhouse, Université de Strasbourg, Université de Haute-Alsace, CNRS UMR 7361-15 rue Jean Starcky, 68057 Mulhouse, France
2
Reseau sur le Stockage Electrochimique de l’Energie (RS2E), FR CNRS 3459, 33 Rue Saint Leu, 80039 Amiens Cedex, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: I. Francis Cheng
Received: 28 September 2016 / Revised: 17 November 2016 / Accepted: 30 November 2016 / Published: 5 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2261 KB, uploaded 5 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Sodium ion batteries (SIBs) have attracted lots of attention over last few years due to the abundance and wide availability of sodium resources, making SIBs the most cost-effective alternative to the currently used lithium ion batteries (LIBs). Many efforts are underway to find effective anodes for SIBs since the commercial anode for LIBs, graphite, has shown very limited capacity for SIBs. Among many different types of carbons, hard carbons—especially these derived from biomass—hold a great deal of promise for SIB technology thanks to their constantly improving performance and low cost. The main scope of this mini-review is to present current progress in preparation of negative electrodes from biomass including aspects related to precursor types used and their impact on the final carbon characteristics (structure, texture and composition). Another aspect discussed is how certain macro- and microstructure characteristics of the materials translate to their performance as anode for Na-ion batteries. In the last part, current understanding of factors governing sodium insertion into hard carbons is summarized, specifically those that could help solve existing performance bottlenecks such as irreversible capacity, initial low Coulombic efficiency and poor rate performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: hard-carbon; biomass; Na-ion batteries; energy storage hard-carbon; biomass; Na-ion batteries; energy storage
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Górka, J.; Vix-Guterl, C.; Matei Ghimbeu, C. Recent Progress in Design of Biomass-Derived Hard Carbons for Sodium Ion Batteries. C 2016, 2, 24.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
C EISSN 2311-5629 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top