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J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2016, 3(1), 8; doi:10.3390/jcdd3010008

Factors Affecting Hypertension among the Malaysian Elderly

1
Malaysian Research on Aging (MyAging), University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia
2
Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran 1985713834, Iran
3
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 50300, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andy Wessels
Received: 26 October 2015 / Revised: 24 February 2016 / Accepted: 26 February 2016 / Published: 2 March 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [223 KB, uploaded 4 March 2016]

Abstract

Hypertension is a common chronic disease in the elderly. This study aimed to determine the effects of age, ethnicity, gender, education, marital status, nutritional parameters, and blood elements on the risk of high blood pressure in the Malaysian elderly. This research was conducted on a group of 2322 non-institutionalized Malaysian elderly. The hierarchy binary logistic regression analysis was applied to estimate the risk of hypertension in respondents. Approximately, 45.61% of subjects had hypertension. The findings indicated that the female gender (Odds ratio (OR) = 1.54), an increase in body weight (OR = 1.61), and an increase in the blood levels of albumin (OR = 1.51), glucose (OR = 1.92), and triglycerides (OR = 1.27) significantly increased the risk of hypertension in subjects (p < 0.05). Conversely, an increase in both dietary carbohydrates (OR = 0.74), and blood cholesterol level (OR = 0.42) significantly reduced the risk of hypertension in samples (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the results showed that ethnicity was a non-relevant factor to increase the risk of hypertension in subjects. It was concluded that female gender, an increase in body weight, and an increase in the blood levels of glucose, triglycerides, and albumin enhanced the risk of high blood pressure in the Malaysian elderly. In addition, an increase in both dietary carbohydrates and blood cholesterol level decreased hypertension in subjects. View Full-Text
Keywords: age; albumin; body weight; cholesterol; glucose; hypertension; triglyceride age; albumin; body weight; cholesterol; glucose; hypertension; triglyceride
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Eshkoor, S.A.; Hamid, T.A.; Shahar, S.; Ng, C.K.; Mun, C.Y. Factors Affecting Hypertension among the Malaysian Elderly. J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2016, 3, 8.

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J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. EISSN 2308-3425 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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