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Toxics 2016, 4(3), 17; doi:10.3390/toxics4030017

Impact of Spent Mushroom Substrates on the Fate of Pesticides in Soil, and Their Use for Preventing and/or Controlling Soil and Water Contamination: A Review

Institute of Natural Resources and Agrobiology of Salamanca (IRNASA-CSIC), 40-52 Cordel de Merinas, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
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Academic Editors: Carmen Corada-Fernández, Javier Valdes-Abellan and Lucila Candela
Received: 29 April 2016 / Revised: 2 August 2016 / Accepted: 5 August 2016 / Published: 17 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fate and Transport of Contaminants in Soil and Groundwater Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [291 KB, uploaded 17 August 2016]

Abstract

Intensive crop production involves a high consumption of pesticides. This is a cause of major environmental concern because the presence of pesticides in water is becoming increasingly common. Physicochemical methods based on soil modification with organic residues have been developed to enhance the immobilization and/or degradation of pesticides in agricultural soils, which may control both the diffuse and the point pollution of soils and waters. This review summarizes the influence of spent mushroom substrate (SMS) on the environmental fate of pesticides when both are simultaneously applied in agriculture. The processes of adsorption, leaching and dissipation of these compounds in SMS-amended soils were evaluated at laboratory and field scale. Relationships were established between the experimental parameters obtained and the properties of the soils, the SMS, and the pesticides in order to determine the effect that the application of SMS in agricultural soils has on the environmental impact of pesticides. Accordingly, this review highlights the use of SMS as a strategy for the prevention and/or control of soil and water contamination by pesticides to strike a balance between agricultural development and the use of these compounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: spent mushroom substrate; pesticide; soil; behavior; field and laboratory experiments spent mushroom substrate; pesticide; soil; behavior; field and laboratory experiments
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Marín-Benito, J.M.; Sánchez-Martín, M.J.; Rodríguez-Cruz, M.S. Impact of Spent Mushroom Substrates on the Fate of Pesticides in Soil, and Their Use for Preventing and/or Controlling Soil and Water Contamination: A Review. Toxics 2016, 4, 17.

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