Toxics 2014, 2(3), 403-416; doi:10.3390/toxics2030403
Review

An Update and Review of Unconventional Metals Testing and Treatment

1,2,* email, 2,3,4,†email and 2,3,4,†email
Received: 20 May 2014; in revised form: 29 July 2014 / Accepted: 30 July 2014 / Published: 11 August 2014
(This article belongs to the collection Heavy Metals Toxicology)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Most patients who receive unconventional testing for metals do not have any remarkable exposure history and typically lack symptoms or objective findings compatible with classic heavy metal intoxication. Unconventional tests results are usually promoted by alternative practitioners as the basis for recommending, promoting, and selling to the patient questionable and often inappropriate therapies/interventions supposedly aimed at “detoxification”. Most of these patients will have no evidence of overexposure to metals on the basis of a thorough history and will have levels of metals on conventional tests performed at reliable laboratories that are undetectable, within population background ranges or above population background, but well below levels associated with toxicity.
Keywords: heavy metals; chelation; provoked urine testing; unconventional; alternative medicine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Felton, D.J.; Kales, S.N.; Goldman, R.H. An Update and Review of Unconventional Metals Testing and Treatment. Toxics 2014, 2, 403-416.

AMA Style

Felton DJ, Kales SN, Goldman RH. An Update and Review of Unconventional Metals Testing and Treatment. Toxics. 2014; 2(3):403-416.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Felton, Diana J.; Kales, Stefanos N.; Goldman, Rose H. 2014. "An Update and Review of Unconventional Metals Testing and Treatment." Toxics 2, no. 3: 403-416.

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