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Toxics 2014, 2(3), 391-402; doi:10.3390/toxics2030391
Review

The Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Conflict

*  and
Chemical Defense Department, CBRN Defense School, 28240 Hoyo de Manzanares, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2014 / Revised: 2 July 2014 / Accepted: 14 July 2014 / Published: 30 July 2014
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Abstract

This paper aims at explaining the lessons learned from the chemical attacks that took place in 2013 in the Syrian military conflict, especially the sarin attacks on the Ghouta area of Damascus on August 21. Despite the limitations the UN Mission found while investigating the use of chemical weapons (CW) in Syria, some interesting conclusions for the scientific and medical community can be obtained from its reports. These include the advantages of the Chemical Weapons Convention procedure for the investigation of alleged CW use, when compared with the United Nations mechanism for similar investigations, the difficulties of differential diagnosis based only on clinical signs and symptoms and the impact of secondary contamination when responding to a CW attack.
Keywords: Syria; chemical weapons; Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons; sarin; weapons of mass destruction Syria; chemical weapons; Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons; sarin; weapons of mass destruction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Pita, R.; Domingo, J. The Use of Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Conflict. Toxics 2014, 2, 391-402.

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