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Foods 2018, 7(3), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods7030033

A Review on the Rising Prevalence of International Standards: Threats or Opportunities for the Agri-Food Produce Sector in Developing Countries, with a Focus on Examples from the MENA Region

1
DFK for Safe Food Environment, 30559 Hannover, Germany
2
Ewen Todd Consulting, Okemos, MI 48864, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2017 / Revised: 18 February 2018 / Accepted: 26 February 2018 / Published: 3 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fresh Produce Safety)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [546 KB, uploaded 6 March 2018]   |  

Abstract

Food safety standards are a necessity to protect consumers’ health in today’s growing global food trade. A number of studies have suggested safety standards can interrupt trade, bringing financial and technical burdens on small as well as large agri-food producers in developing countries. Other examples have shown that economical extension, key intermediaries, and funded initiatives have substantially enhanced the capacities of growers in some countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region to meet the food safety and quality requirements, and improve their access to international markets. These endeavors often compensate for the weak regulatory framework, but do not offer a sustainable solution. There is a big gap in the food safety level and control systems between countries in the MENA region and those in the developed nations. This certainly has implications for the safety of fresh produce and agricultural practices, which hinders any progress in their international food trade. To overcome the barriers of legal and private standards, food safety should be a national priority for sustainable agricultural development in the MENA countries. Local governments have a primary role in adopting the vision for developing and facilitating the implementation of their national Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) standards that are consistent with the international requirements and adapted to local policies and environment. Together, the public and private sector’s support are instrumental to deliver the skills and infrastructure needed for leveraging the safety and quality level of the agri-food chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: food safety standards; fresh produce; agri-food; good agricultural practices; the Middle East and North Africa Region; global trade; the Food Safety Modernization Act food safety standards; fresh produce; agri-food; good agricultural practices; the Middle East and North Africa Region; global trade; the Food Safety Modernization Act
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Faour-Klingbeil, D.; Todd, E.C.D. A Review on the Rising Prevalence of International Standards: Threats or Opportunities for the Agri-Food Produce Sector in Developing Countries, with a Focus on Examples from the MENA Region. Foods 2018, 7, 33.

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