Microbiological Parameters in the Primary Production of Berries: A Pilot Study
AbstractThe primary production of fresh soft fruits was considered to be a suspected critical point for the contamination of frozen berries that were responsible for the large 2013–2014 Hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreak in Europe. In this study, an Italian berries’ production area was studied for its agro-technical characteristics, and the fresh fruits were analyzed for the presence of enteric viruses (HAV and Norovirus (NoV) genogroup I and genogroup II (GGI and GGII)), the enumeration of hygienic quality parameters, and the prevalence of bacterial pathogens. A total of 50 producers were sampled, who specialized in the exclusive or shared cultivation of berries. Escherichia coli was detected in two blackberry samples, whereas HAV and Norovirus were not detected. The samples were negative for Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes, and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). The farms’ attributes were not associated with positive samples, apart from the presence of E. coli and the aerobic mesophilic bacteria for blackberry that were statistically correlated. In blueberries, the high aerobic mesophilic count could likely be associated with the resistance of the outer layer to handling. However, the two pathogens (Salmonella spp. and STEC) and the targeted viruses (HAV, NoV GGI and GGII) were not detected, highlighting the low risk of foodborne pathogens and viral contamination at the primary production stage of the berry food chain in the area considered in this pilot study. View Full-Text
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Macori, G.; Gilardi, G.; Bellio, A.; Bianchi, D.M.; Gallina, S.; Vitale, N.; Gullino, M.L.; Decastelli, L. Microbiological Parameters in the Primary Production of Berries: A Pilot Study. Foods 2018, 7, 105.
Macori G, Gilardi G, Bellio A, Bianchi DM, Gallina S, Vitale N, Gullino ML, Decastelli L. Microbiological Parameters in the Primary Production of Berries: A Pilot Study. Foods. 2018; 7(7):105.Chicago/Turabian Style
Macori, Guerrino; Gilardi, Giovanna; Bellio, Alberto; Bianchi, Daniela M.; Gallina, Silvia; Vitale, Nicoletta; Gullino, Maria L.; Decastelli, Lucia. 2018. "Microbiological Parameters in the Primary Production of Berries: A Pilot Study." Foods 7, no. 7: 105.
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