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Foods 2017, 6(7), 55; doi:10.3390/foods6070055

An Investigation of Sensory Specific Satiety and Food Size When Children Consume a Whole or Diced Vegetable

1
Faculty of Health, Centre for Advanced Sensory Science, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
2
Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Broadway 2007, PO Box 123, Sydney, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2017 / Revised: 15 July 2017 / Accepted: 21 July 2017 / Published: 24 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Choice, Ingestive Behavior and Sensation)
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Abstract

Children’s vegetable consumption is often lower than that needed to promote optimal health and development, and practical approaches for increasing vegetable consumption are needed. Sensory Specific Satiety (SSS) reduces the liking and consumption of a consumed food over the course of an eating occasion and is an important factor in meal termination. The present study aimed to investigate the development of SSS when children ate vegetables of different sizes. The absence of SSS would be an encouraging sign to provide children more vegetables during a meal. Seventy-two children (33 boys, ages 8.8 ± 1.5 years) were recruited from Australian primary schools. Participating children consumed either whole or diced carrots for a maximum period of 10-min from a 500 g box. Cucumber was used as a control vegetable. Children’s liking of carrots and cucumber was measured with a 5-point child friendly hedonic scale prior to and after carrot consumption. In comparison to cucumber, liking for neither diced (p = 0.57) nor whole carrots (p = 0.18) changed during ad libitum consumption of carrots, indicating that SSS did not occur. However, children (n = 36) who finished eating carrots within the 10-min time limit, spent more time eating the whole carrots compared to the diced carrots (p < 0.05), which tended to result in a higher consumption of whole carrots (p < 0.06). This suggests that, in order to increase vegetable consumption, it is better to present children whole carrots than diced carrots. These findings might aid in the development of strategies to promote children’s greater vegetable consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; sensory specific satiety; carrot; vegetable; consumption; liking; taste; variety; unit bias children; sensory specific satiety; carrot; vegetable; consumption; liking; taste; variety; unit bias
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Goh, J.R.; Russell, C.G.; Liem, D.G. An Investigation of Sensory Specific Satiety and Food Size When Children Consume a Whole or Diced Vegetable. Foods 2017, 6, 55.

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