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Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Camarosa and Selva Strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.)
Food Technology Institute, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, National University of Littoral, Santiago del Estero 2829, Santa Fe 3000, Argentina
National Council of Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET), Santiago del Estero 2829, Santa Fe 3000, Argentina
Department of Management, University of Roma La Sapienza,Via del Castro Laurenziano 9, Rome 00161, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 February 2013; in revised form: 4 March 2013 / Accepted: 5 March 2013 / Published: 25 March 2013
Abstract: Strawberries represent an important source of bioactive compounds due to their vitamin C and phenolic compound levels, which present high antioxidant effects, beneficial for the maintenance of consumer’s health. Argentina is the second largest strawberry producer in The Common Market of the Southern Cone (MERCOSUR), covering the main export destinations of Argentinian strawberries, i.e., Canada, United States, and European Union. Information about the bioactive compound occurrence and antioxidant capacity of these fruits is scarce or not available. Health related compounds of strawberry cultivars (Camarosa and Selva) from different zones of Argentina were investigated. Vitamin C content was in the same range for both studied cultivars. However, Camarosa strawberries, which are the most cultivated, consumed, and exported berries in Argentina, presented higher total phenolic and anthocyanins content, and consequently better in vitro antioxidant capacity. Moreover, there were differences in the occurrence and concentration in the phenolic compound profiles for both cultivars. Camarosa cultivar presented higher content of anthocyanidins, and Selva showed higher total ellagic acid content. The research shows that Argentina’s strawberries are an interesting source of bioactive compounds comparable to those in other parts of the world.
Keywords: health potential; Camarosa and Selva strawberries; antioxidant capacity; Vitamin C
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Van De Velde, F.; Tarola, A.M.; Güemes, D.; Pirovani, M.E. Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Camarosa and Selva Strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.). Foods 2013, 2, 120-131.
Van De Velde F, Tarola AM, Güemes D, Pirovani ME. Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Camarosa and Selva Strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.). Foods. 2013; 2(2):120-131.
Van De Velde, Franco; Tarola, Anna M.; Güemes, Daniel; Pirovani, María E. 2013. "Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Camarosa and Selva Strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.)." Foods 2, no. 2: 120-131.