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Inorganics 2017, 5(1), 15; doi:10.3390/inorganics5010015

Synthesis and Catalytic Applications of Non-Metal Doped Mesoporous Titania

1
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0046, USA
2
Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0055, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Samuel Bernard
Received: 6 January 2017 / Revised: 2 March 2017 / Accepted: 7 March 2017 / Published: 11 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mesoporous Materials)
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Abstract

Mesoporous titania (mp-TiO2) has drawn tremendous attention for a diverse set of applications due to its high surface area, interfacial structure, and tunable combination of pore size, pore orientation, wall thickness, and pore connectivity. Its pore structure facilitates rapid diffusion of reactants and charge carriers to the photocatalytically active interface of TiO2. However, because the large band gap of TiO2 limits its ability to utilize visible light, non-metal doping has been extensively studied to tune the energy levels of TiO2. While first-principles calculations support the efficacy of this approach, it is challenging to efficiently introduce active non-metal dopants into the lattice of TiO2. This review surveys recent advances in the preparation of mp-TiO2 and their doping with non-metal atoms. Different doping strategies and dopant sources are discussed. Further, co-doping with combinations of non-metal dopants are discussed as strategies to reduce the band gap, improve photogenerated charge separation, and enhance visible light absorption. The improvements resulting from each doping strategy are discussed in light of potential changes in mesoporous architecture, dopant composition and chemical state, extent of band gap reduction, and improvement in photocatalytic activities. Finally, potential applications of non-metal-doped mp-TiO2 are explored in water splitting, CO2 reduction, and environmental remediation with visible light. View Full-Text
Keywords: mesoporous; titania; non-metal doping; catalysis; photocatalysis; self-assembly mesoporous; titania; non-metal doping; catalysis; photocatalysis; self-assembly
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Islam, S.Z.; Nagpure, S.; Kim, D.Y.; Rankin, S.E. Synthesis and Catalytic Applications of Non-Metal Doped Mesoporous Titania. Inorganics 2017, 5, 15.

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