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Photonics 2016, 3(2), 34; doi:10.3390/photonics3020034

Semiconductor Three-Dimensional Photonic Crystals with Novel Layer-by-Layer Structures

1
Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan
2
Institute for Nano Quantum Infromation Electronics, the Univesrity of Tokyo, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 April 2016 / Revised: 16 May 2016 / Accepted: 17 May 2016 / Published: 20 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D- and 2D-Nanofabrication for Photonic Devices)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2634 KB, uploaded 20 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

Three-dimensional photonic crystals (3D PhCs) are a fascinating platform for manipulating photons and controlling their interactions with matter. One widely investigated structure is the layer-by-layer woodpile structure, which possesses a complete photonic bandgap. On the other hand, other types of 3D PhC structures also offer various possibilities for controlling light by utilizing the three dimensional nature of structures. In this article, we discuss our recent research into novel types of layer-by-layer structures, including the experimental demonstration of a 3D PhC nanocavity formed in a <110>-layered diamond structure and the realization of artificial optical activity in rotationally stacked woodpile structures. View Full-Text
Keywords: three-dimensional photonic crystal; layer-by-layer structure; nanocavity; chiral structure; optical activity three-dimensional photonic crystal; layer-by-layer structure; nanocavity; chiral structure; optical activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Iwamoto, S.; Takahashi, S.; Tajiri, T.; Arakawa, Y. Semiconductor Three-Dimensional Photonic Crystals with Novel Layer-by-Layer Structures. Photonics 2016, 3, 34.

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