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Separations 2017, 4(1), 9; doi:10.3390/separations4010009

Evaluation of Ion Exchange and Sorbing Materials for Their Adsorption/Desorption Performane towards Anthocyanins, Total Phenolics, and Sugars from a Grape Pomace Extract

1
Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
2
Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juan F. García‐Reyes
Received: 27 December 2016 / Revised: 8 March 2017 / Accepted: 15 March 2017 / Published: 18 March 2017
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Abstract

Byproducts of winery industries are treated, in many cases, as useless wastes constituting not only a major disposal problem but also not providing any additional profit to the industries. However, these byproducts could be utilized as a source of various phenolic compounds, such as anthocyanins, that could be used as nutraceuticals or natural colorants. Nine materials were tested and evaluated for their ability to retain and elute anthocyanins, total phenolics, and sugars from a grape pomace extract. The materials tested were the ion exchange Amberlite IRA 400 Cl, Lewatit TP 208 and Lewatit TP 260, and the sorbing Chromosorb G-HP, Amberite XAD 2, Zeocros CA 150, Chemviron Carbon, Oasis HLB (hydrophilic-lipophilic balance) and Isolute C8 end-capped (EC). The two materials with the higher anthocyanins recovery rate, Oasis HLB and Isolute C8 (EC), were further examined for their anthocyanin capacities which were calculated as 5.76 mg·cm−3 and 3.06 mg·cm−3 respectively. Furthermore, their behavior pattern towards anthocyanins of various molecular weights was investigated using a liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-PDA-MS) system. View Full-Text
Keywords: grape pomace; anthocyanins; total phenolics; sugars; solid-phase extraction; mass spectrometry grape pomace; anthocyanins; total phenolics; sugars; solid-phase extraction; mass spectrometry
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Trikas, E.D.; Papi, R.M.; Kyriakidis, D.A.; Zachariadis, G.A. Evaluation of Ion Exchange and Sorbing Materials for Their Adsorption/Desorption Performane towards Anthocyanins, Total Phenolics, and Sugars from a Grape Pomace Extract. Separations 2017, 4, 9.

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