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Processes 2016, 4(4), 37; doi:10.3390/pr4040037

Process Intensification in Fuel Cell CHP Systems, the ReforCELL Project

1
Funación Tecnalia Research and Innovation, Mikeletegi Pasealekua 2, 20009 Donostia—San Sebastian, Spain
2
CEA/LITEN, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble CEDEX 9, France
3
Politecnico di Milano, Deparment of Energy, via Lambruschini 4, 20156 Milano, Italy
4
SINTEF, P.O. Box 124 Blindern, N-0314 Oslo, Norway
5
ICI caldaie S.P.A., Via G.Pascoli 38, Zevio, 37059 Verona, Italy
6
HyGear B.V., P.O. Box 5280, 6802 EG Arnhem, The Netherlands
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Hybrid Catalysis B.V., P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
8
Quantis Sàrl, EPFL Innovation Park, Bât. D, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
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Chemical Process Intensification, Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Henson
Received: 29 July 2016 / Revised: 18 September 2016 / Accepted: 1 October 2016 / Published: 17 October 2016

Abstract

This paper reports the findings of a FP7/FCH JU project (ReforCELL) that developed materials (catalysts and membranes) and an advance autothermal membrane reformer for a micro Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system of 5 kWel based on a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). In this project, an active, stable and selective catalyst was developed for the reactions of interest and its production was scaled up to kg scale (TRL5 (TRL: Technology Readiness Level)). Simultaneously, new membranes for gas separation were developed. In particular, dense supported thin palladium-based membranes were developed for hydrogen separation from reactive mixtures. These membranes were successfully scaled up to TRL4 and used in lab-scale reactors for fluidized bed steam methane reforming (SMR) and autothermal reforming (ATR) and in a prototype reactor for ATR. Suitable sealing techniques able to integrate the different membranes in lab-scale and prototype reactors were also developed. The project also addressed the design and optimization of the subcomponents (BoP) for the integration of the membrane reformer to the fuel cell system. View Full-Text
Keywords: palladium membrane; fluidized membrane reactor; hydrogen production; micro-CHP system; PEM fuel cell; ATR; SMR palladium membrane; fluidized membrane reactor; hydrogen production; micro-CHP system; PEM fuel cell; ATR; SMR
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Viviente, J.L.; Escribano, S.; Manzolini, G.; Stange, M.; Tregambe, C.; Roses, L.; Koekkoek, A.J.J.; Guignard, C.; Dauriat, A.; Gallucci, F. Process Intensification in Fuel Cell CHP Systems, the ReforCELL Project. Processes 2016, 4, 37.

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