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Processes 2016, 4(4), 37;

Process Intensification in Fuel Cell CHP Systems, the ReforCELL Project

Funación Tecnalia Research and Innovation, Mikeletegi Pasealekua 2, 20009 Donostia—San Sebastian, Spain
CEA/LITEN, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble CEDEX 9, France
Politecnico di Milano, Deparment of Energy, via Lambruschini 4, 20156 Milano, Italy
SINTEF, P.O. Box 124 Blindern, N-0314 Oslo, Norway
ICI caldaie S.P.A., Via G.Pascoli 38, Zevio, 37059 Verona, Italy
HyGear B.V., P.O. Box 5280, 6802 EG Arnhem, The Netherlands
Hybrid Catalysis B.V., P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Quantis Sàrl, EPFL Innovation Park, Bât. D, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Chemical Process Intensification, Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Henson
Received: 29 July 2016 / Revised: 18 September 2016 / Accepted: 1 October 2016 / Published: 17 October 2016


This paper reports the findings of a FP7/FCH JU project (ReforCELL) that developed materials (catalysts and membranes) and an advance autothermal membrane reformer for a micro Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system of 5 kWel based on a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). In this project, an active, stable and selective catalyst was developed for the reactions of interest and its production was scaled up to kg scale (TRL5 (TRL: Technology Readiness Level)). Simultaneously, new membranes for gas separation were developed. In particular, dense supported thin palladium-based membranes were developed for hydrogen separation from reactive mixtures. These membranes were successfully scaled up to TRL4 and used in lab-scale reactors for fluidized bed steam methane reforming (SMR) and autothermal reforming (ATR) and in a prototype reactor for ATR. Suitable sealing techniques able to integrate the different membranes in lab-scale and prototype reactors were also developed. The project also addressed the design and optimization of the subcomponents (BoP) for the integration of the membrane reformer to the fuel cell system. View Full-Text
Keywords: palladium membrane; fluidized membrane reactor; hydrogen production; micro-CHP system; PEM fuel cell; ATR; SMR palladium membrane; fluidized membrane reactor; hydrogen production; micro-CHP system; PEM fuel cell; ATR; SMR

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Viviente, J.L.; Escribano, S.; Manzolini, G.; Stange, M.; Tregambe, C.; Roses, L.; Koekkoek, A.J.J.; Guignard, C.; Dauriat, A.; Gallucci, F. Process Intensification in Fuel Cell CHP Systems, the ReforCELL Project. Processes 2016, 4, 37.

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