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From the first issue of 2016, Chromatography has changed its name to Separations.

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Chromatography 2015, 2(3), 293-381; doi:10.3390/chromatography2030293

Recent Developments and Applications of Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) in Food and Environmental Analysis—A Review

1
Faculty Life Sciences, Department Nutrition & Home Economics/Food Science, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Ulmenliet 20, 21033, Hamburg, Germany
2
ODOCON Dr. Kim Kleeberg & Dr. Jan Streese-Kleeberg GbR, Amtsstraße 7, 22143, Hamburg, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mary Boyce
Received: 1 April 2015 / Revised: 10 June 2015 / Accepted: 11 June 2015 / Published: 30 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solid Phase Micro-Extraction)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1618 KB, uploaded 30 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) is a simple, sensitive, rapid and solvent-free technique for the extraction of analytes from gaseous, liquid and solid samples and takes a leading position among microextraction methods. Application of SPME in sample preparation has been increasing continuously over the last decade. It is most often used as an automatized fiber injection system coupled to chromatographic separation modules for the extraction of volatile and semivolatile organic compounds and also allows for the trace analysis of compounds in complex matrices. Since SPME was first introduced in the early 1990s, several modifications have been made to adapt the procedure to specific application requirements. More robust fiber assemblies and coatings with higher extraction efficiencies, selectivity and stability have been commercialized. Automation and on-line coupling to analytical instruments have been achieved in many applications and new derivatization strategies as well as improved calibration procedures have been developed to overcome existing limitations regarding quantitation. Furthermore, devices using tubes, needles or tips for extraction instead of a fiber have been designed. In the field of food analysis, SPME has been most often applied to fruit/vegetables, fats/oils, wine, meat products, dairy and beverages whereas environmental applications focus on the analysis of air, water, soil and sediment samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: SPME; food analysis; environmental analysis; volatile compounds; aroma; off-flavor; GC; LC; SBSE SPME; food analysis; environmental analysis; volatile compounds; aroma; off-flavor; GC; LC; SBSE
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Merkle, S.; Kleeberg, K.K.; Fritsche, J. Recent Developments and Applications of Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) in Food and Environmental Analysis—A Review. Chromatography 2015, 2, 293-381.

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