Demoralization, Patient Activation, and the Outcome of Spine Surgery
AbstractIt is now well established that psychosocial factors can adversely impact the outcome of spine surgery. This article discusses in detail one such recently-identified “risk” factor: demoralization. Several studies conducted by the author indicate that demoralization, an emotional construct distinct from depression, is associated with poorer pain reduction, less functional improvement and decreased satisfaction among spine surgery patients. However, there are indications that the adverse impact of risk factors such as demoralization can be mitigated by psychosocial “maximizing” factors—characteristics that propel the patient towards positive surgical results. One of these maximizing factors, patient activation, is discussed in depth. The patient activation measure (PAM), an inventory assessing the extent to which patients are active and engaged in their health care, is associated not only with improved spine surgery results, but with better outcomes across a broad range of medical conditions. Other maximizing factors are discussed in this article. The author concludes that the past research focus on psychosocial risk factors has limited the value of presurgical psychological screening, and that future research, as well as clinical assessment, should recognize that the importance of evaluating patients’ strengths as well as their vulnerabilities. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Block, A.R. Demoralization, Patient Activation, and the Outcome of Spine Surgery. Healthcare 2016, 4, 11.
Block AR. Demoralization, Patient Activation, and the Outcome of Spine Surgery. Healthcare. 2016; 4(1):11.Chicago/Turabian Style
Block, Andrew R. 2016. "Demoralization, Patient Activation, and the Outcome of Spine Surgery." Healthcare 4, no. 1: 11.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.