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Healthcare 2016, 4(2), 22; doi:10.3390/healthcare4020022

A Systematic Review of the Effects of Exercise and Physical Activity on Non-Specific Chronic Low Back Pain

Department of Sport and Health Sciences, University of St Mark and St John, Plymouth PL6 8BH, UK
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Academic Editor: Robert J. Gatchel
Received: 28 February 2016 / Revised: 15 April 2016 / Accepted: 19 April 2016 / Published: 25 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low Back Pain: Recent Advances And Perspectives)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [247 KB, uploaded 25 April 2016]

Abstract

Back pain is a major health issue in Western countries and 60%–80% of adults are likely to experience low back pain. This paper explores the impact of back pain on society and the role of physical activity for treatment of non-specific low back pain. A review of the literature was carried out using the databases SPORTDiscuss, Medline and Google Scholar. A general exercise programme that combines muscular strength, flexibility and aerobic fitness is beneficial for rehabilitation of non-specific chronic low back pain. Increasing core muscular strength can assist in supporting the lumbar spine. Improving the flexibility of the muscle-tendons and ligaments in the back increases the range of motion and assists with the patient’s functional movement. Aerobic exercise increases the blood flow and nutrients to the soft tissues in the back, improving the healing process and reducing stiffness that can result in back pain. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerobic fitness; non-specific chronic low back pain; pedometer; physical activity aerobic fitness; non-specific chronic low back pain; pedometer; physical activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gordon, R.; Bloxham, S. A Systematic Review of the Effects of Exercise and Physical Activity on Non-Specific Chronic Low Back Pain. Healthcare 2016, 4, 22.

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