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Proteomes 2015, 3(4), 369-410; doi:10.3390/proteomes3040369

Fluorescent Reporters and Biosensors for Probing the Dynamic Behavior of Protein Kinases

Cell Cycle Biosensors & Inhibitors, Department of Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins, Institute of Biomolecules Max Mousseron (IBMM) CNRS-UMR 5247, 15 Avenue Charles Flahault, Montpellier 34093, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lee M. Graves
Received: 17 July 2015 / Revised: 30 September 2015 / Accepted: 23 October 2015 / Published: 4 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Probing the Dynamic Properties of the Kinome)
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Abstract

Probing the dynamic activities of protein kinases in real-time in living cells constitutes a major challenge that requires specific and sensitive tools tailored to meet the particular demands associated with cellular imaging. The development of genetically-encoded and synthetic fluorescent biosensors has provided means of monitoring protein kinase activities in a non-invasive fashion in their native cellular environment with high spatial and temporal resolution. Here, we review existing technologies to probe different dynamic features of protein kinases and discuss limitations where new developments are required to implement more performant tools, in particular with respect to infrared and near-infrared fluorescent probes and strategies which enable improved signal-to-noise ratio and controlled activation of probes. View Full-Text
Keywords: protein kinase; dynamics; fluorescence; biosensor; imaging protein kinase; dynamics; fluorescence; biosensor; imaging
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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González-Vera, J.A.; Morris, M.C. Fluorescent Reporters and Biosensors for Probing the Dynamic Behavior of Protein Kinases. Proteomes 2015, 3, 369-410.

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