2-DE Mapping of the Blue Mussel Gill Proteome: The Usual Suspects Revisited
AbstractThe Blue Mussel (Mytilus edulis, L. 1758) is an ecologically important and commercially relevant bivalve. Because of its ability to bioconcentrate xenobiotics, it is also a widespread sentinel species for environmental pollution, which has been used in ecotoxicological studies for biomarker assessment. Consequently, numerous proteomics studies have been carried out in various research contexts using mussels of the genus Mytilus, which intended to improve our understanding of complex physiological processes related to reproduction, adaptation to physical stressors or shell formation and for biomarker discovery. Differential-display 2-DE proteomics relies on an extensive knowledge of the proteome with as many proteoforms identified as possible. To this end, extensive characterization of proteins was performed in order to increase our knowledge of the Mytilus gill proteome. On average, 700 spots were detected on 2-DE gels by colloidal blue staining, of which 122 different, non-redundant proteins comprising 203 proteoforms could be identified by tandem mass spectrometry. These proteins could be attributed to four major categories: (i) “metabolism”, including antioxidant defence and degradation of xenobiotics; (ii) “genetic information processing”, comprising transcription and translation as well as folding, sorting, repair and degradation; (iii) “cellular processes”, such as cell motility, transport and catabolism; (iv) “environmental information processing”, including signal transduction and signalling molecules and interaction. The role of cytoskeleton proteins, energetic metabolism, chaperones/stress proteins, protein trafficking and the proteasome are discussed in the light of the exigencies of the intertidal environment, leading to an enhanced stress response, as well as the structural and physiological particularities of the bivalve gill tissue. View Full-Text
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Rocher, B.; Bultelle, F.; Chan, P.; Foll, F.L.; Letendre, J.; Monsinjon, T.; Olivier, S.; Péden, R.; Poret, A.; Vaudry, D.; Knigge, T. 2-DE Mapping of the Blue Mussel Gill Proteome: The Usual Suspects Revisited. Proteomes 2015, 3, 3-41.
Rocher B, Bultelle F, Chan P, Foll FL, Letendre J, Monsinjon T, Olivier S, Péden R, Poret A, Vaudry D, Knigge T. 2-DE Mapping of the Blue Mussel Gill Proteome: The Usual Suspects Revisited. Proteomes. 2015; 3(1):3-41.Chicago/Turabian Style
Rocher, Béatrice; Bultelle, Florence; Chan, Philippe; Foll, Frank L.; Letendre, Julie; Monsinjon, Tiphaine; Olivier, Stéphanie; Péden, Romain; Poret, Agnès; Vaudry, David; Knigge, Thomas. 2015. "2-DE Mapping of the Blue Mussel Gill Proteome: The Usual Suspects Revisited." Proteomes 3, no. 1: 3-41.