Climate 2013, 1(1), 12-27; doi:10.3390/cli1010012
Article

From Climate Advocacy to Public Engagement: An Exploration of the Roles of Environmental Non-Governmental Organisations

Received: 11 April 2013; in revised form: 8 June 2013 / Accepted: 12 June 2013 / Published: 19 June 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The capacity of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to encourage public engagement with climate protection is analysed through a conceptual framework focused on six advocacy functions: issue framing, knowledge generation and dissemination, attribution of responsibility, lobbying, public mobilisation and agenda setting. This framework is used to organise and interpret the results of a fieldwork study of environmental NGOs, conducted in France, Germany and the UK. Key findings include the importance of the cross-linkage of climate with other categories of issue, NGO stress on knowledge as a precursor to action, a ‘politics of accountability’ in which the attribution of responsibility paves the way for making political demands, a preference for multi-layered lobbying, where process can be as important as product, and the need to adjust NGO mobilisation and agenda setting strategies in the aftermath of the 2009 Copenhagen negotiations and the financial crisis.
Keywords: climate protection; non-governmental organisations; international civil society; citizen action; public engagement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Szarka, J. From Climate Advocacy to Public Engagement: An Exploration of the Roles of Environmental Non-Governmental Organisations. Climate 2013, 1, 12-27.

AMA Style

Szarka J. From Climate Advocacy to Public Engagement: An Exploration of the Roles of Environmental Non-Governmental Organisations. Climate. 2013; 1(1):12-27.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Szarka, Joseph. 2013. "From Climate Advocacy to Public Engagement: An Exploration of the Roles of Environmental Non-Governmental Organisations." Climate 1, no. 1: 12-27.

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