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J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2014, 3(4), 274-296; doi:10.3390/jsan3040274

Towards a Fair and Efficient Packet Scheduling Scheme in Inter-Flow Network Coding

1
National University of Singapore, #02-02-10, AMI Lab, IDMI, 21 Heng Mui Keng Terrace,119613, Singapore
2
Institute for Infocomm Research, 1 Fusionopolis Way, #20-10 Connexis North Tower, 138632, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2014 / Revised: 29 September 2014 / Accepted: 22 October 2014 / Published: 4 November 2014
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Abstract

Network coding techniques are usually applied upon network-layer protocols to improve throughput in wireless networks. In scenarios with multiple unicast sessions, fairness is also an important factor. Therefore, a network coding-aware packet-scheduling algorithm is required. A packet-scheduling algorithm determines which packet to send next from a node’s packet backlog. Existing protocols mostly employ a basic round-robin scheduling algorithm to give “equal” opportunities to different packet flows. In fact, this “equal”-opportunity scheduling is neither fair, nor efficient. This paper intends to accentuate the importance of a coding-aware scheduling scheme. With a good scheduling scheme, we can gain more control over the per-flow throughput and fairness. Specifically, we first formulate a static scheduling problem and propose an algorithm to find the optimal scheduling scheme. We then extend the technique to a dynamic setting and, later, to practical routing protocols. Results show that the algorithm is comparatively scalable, and it can improve the throughput gain when the network is not severely saturated. The fairness among flows is drastically improved as a result of this scheduling scheme. View Full-Text
Keywords: network coding; packet scheduling; fairness; weighted clique cover network coding; packet scheduling; fairness; weighted clique cover
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Chai, T.Y.; Wong, W.-C. Towards a Fair and Efficient Packet Scheduling Scheme in Inter-Flow Network Coding. J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2014, 3, 274-296.

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