Variation among Soybean Cultivars in Mesophyll Conductance and Leaf Water Use Efficiency
AbstractImproving water use efficiency (WUE) may prove a useful way to adapt crop species to drought. Since the recognition of the importance of mesophyll conductance to CO2 movement from inside stomatal pores to the sites of photosynthetic carboxylation, there has been interest in how much intraspecific variation in mesophyll conductance (gm) exists, and how such variation may impact leaf WUE within C3 species. In this study, the gm and leaf WUE of fifteen cultivars of soybeans grown under controlled conditions were measured under standardized environmental conditions. Leaf WUE varied by a factor of 2.6 among the cultivars, and gm varied by a factor of 8.6. However, there was no significant correlation (r = −0.047) between gm and leaf WUE. Leaf WUE was linearly related to the sub-stomatal CO2 concentration. The value of gm affected the ratio of maximum Rubisco carboxylation capacity calculated from the sub-stomatal CO2 concentration to that calculated from the CO2 concentration at the site of carboxylation. That is, variation in gm affected the efficiency of Rubisco carboxylation, but not leaf WUE. Nevertheless, there is considerable scope for genetically improving soybean leaf water use efficiency. View Full-Text
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Bunce, J. Variation among Soybean Cultivars in Mesophyll Conductance and Leaf Water Use Efficiency. Plants 2016, 5, 44.
Bunce J. Variation among Soybean Cultivars in Mesophyll Conductance and Leaf Water Use Efficiency. Plants. 2016; 5(4):44.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bunce, James. 2016. "Variation among Soybean Cultivars in Mesophyll Conductance and Leaf Water Use Efficiency." Plants 5, no. 4: 44.