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Plants 2016, 5(4), 43; doi:10.3390/plants5040043

Analysis of Metabolites in Stem Parasitic Plant Interactions: Interaction of Cuscuta–Momordica versus Cassytha–Ipomoea

1
Department of Natural and Environmental Science, Teikyo University of Science, 2-2-1 Senju-sakuragi, Adachi, Tokyo 120-0045, Japan
2
Molecular Structure Characterization Unit, RIKEN CSRS, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mirwais M. Qaderi
Received: 25 October 2016 / Revised: 28 November 2016 / Accepted: 1 December 2016 / Published: 7 December 2016
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Abstract

Cuscuta and Cassytha are two well-known stem parasitic plant genera with reduced leaves and roots, inducing haustoria in their stems. Their similar appearance in the field has been recognized, but few comparative studies on their respective plant interactions are available. To compare their interactions, we conducted a metabolite analysis of both the Cassytha–Ipomoea and the Cuscuta–Momordica interaction. We investigated the energy charge of the metabolites by UFLC (ultra-high performance liquid chromatography), and conducted GC-MS (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry) analysis for polar metabolites (e.g., saccharides, polyols) and steroids. The energy charge after parasitization changed considerably in Cassytha but not in Cusucta. Cuscuta changed its steroid pattern during the plant interaction, whereas Cassytha did not. In the polar metabolite analysis, the laminaribiose increase after parasitization was conspicuous in Cuscuta, but not in Cassytha. This metabolite profile difference points to different lifestyles and parasitic strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant interaction; Cuscuta; Cassytha; stem parasitic plant plant interaction; Cuscuta; Cassytha; stem parasitic plant
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Furuhashi, T.; Nakamura, T.; Iwase, K. Analysis of Metabolites in Stem Parasitic Plant Interactions: Interaction of Cuscuta–Momordica versus Cassytha–Ipomoea. Plants 2016, 5, 43.

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