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Plants 2016, 5(3), 29; doi:10.3390/plants5030029

Variations in the Life Cycle of Anemone patens L. (Ranunculaceae) in Wild Populations of Canada

School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5C8, Canada
Academic Editor: Günter Hoch
Received: 22 April 2016 / Revised: 20 June 2016 / Accepted: 21 June 2016 / Published: 30 June 2016
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Abstract

Based on a study of a perennial herb Anemone patens L. (Ranunculaceae) in a variety of natural habitats in Saskatchewan, Canada, eight life stages (seed, seedling, juvenile, immature, vegetative, generative, subsenile, and senile) are distinguished and characterized in detail. The species ontogenetic growth patterns are investigated. A. patens has a long life cycle that may last for several decades which leads to the formation of compact clumps. The distribution and age of clumps vary substantially in different environments with different levels of disturbance. The plant ontogeny includes the regular cycle with reproduction occurring through seeds. There is an optional subsenile vegetative disintegration at the end of the life span. The following variations in the life cycle of A. patens are identified: with slower development in young age, with an accelerated development, with omission of the generative stage, with retrogression to previous life stages in mature age, and with vegetative dormancy. The range of variations in the life cycle of A. patens may play an important role in maintaining population stability in different environmental conditions and management regimes. View Full-Text
Keywords: development; growth patterns; life cycle; Anemone patens; Canada development; growth patterns; life cycle; Anemone patens; Canada
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kricsfalusy, V. Variations in the Life Cycle of Anemone patens L. (Ranunculaceae) in Wild Populations of Canada. Plants 2016, 5, 29.

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