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Atoms 2018, 6(3), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/atoms6030042

Gallstone Magnesium Distributions from Optical Emission Spectroscopy

1
Department of Physics, Ewing Christian College, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 211003, India
2
Department of Physics, Chaudhary Mahadeo Prasad Degree College, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 211002, India
3
Opal Hospital, DLW Road, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221004, India
4
Department of Physics, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 211002, India
5
Physics and Astronomy Department, University of Tennessee, University of Tennessee Space Institute, Center for Laser Applications, 411 B.H. Goethert Parkway, Tullahoma, TN 37388-9700, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2018 / Revised: 4 August 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 9 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Spectroscopy and Collisions)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1738 KB, uploaded 9 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

This work reports measurements of calcified gallstone elemental compositions using laser-induced optical emission spectroscopy. The experimental results support the importance of the magnesium concentration in gallstone growth. Granular stones reveal an increased magnesium concentration at the periphery of the granules, suggesting the inhibition of further growth. Non-granular gallstones reveal lower overall magnesium concentrations, but with higher values near the center. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; atomic spectroscopy; plasma spectroscopy; laser spectroscopy; physical properties of biomaterials laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; atomic spectroscopy; plasma spectroscopy; laser spectroscopy; physical properties of biomaterials
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Pathak, A.K.; Rai, N.K.; Kumar, R.; Rai, P.K.; Rai, A.K.; Parigger, C.G. Gallstone Magnesium Distributions from Optical Emission Spectroscopy. Atoms 2018, 6, 42.

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