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Metabolites 2014, 4(4), 1101-1118; doi:10.3390/metabo4041101

Towards the Fecal Metabolome Derived from Moderate Red Wine Intake

Institute of Food Science Research (CIAL), CSIC-UAM, C/Nicolás Cabrera, 9, Campus de Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
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Received: 31 July 2014 / Revised: 28 November 2014 / Accepted: 15 December 2014 / Published: 19 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metabolomic Studies of the Human Gut Microbiome)
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Abstract

Dietary polyphenols, including red wine phenolic compounds, are extensively metabolized during their passage through the gastrointestinal tract; and their biological effects at the gut level (i.e., anti-inflammatory activity, microbiota modulation, interaction with cells, among others) seem to be due more to their microbial-derived metabolites rather than to the original forms found in food. In an effort to improve our understanding of the biological effects that phenolic compounds exert at the gut level, this paper summarizes the changes observed in the human fecal metabolome after an intervention study consisting of a daily consumption of 250 mL of wine during four weeks by healthy volunteers (n = 33). It assembles data from two analytical approaches: (1) UPLC-ESI-MS/MS analysis of phenolic metabolites in fecal solutions (targeted analysis); and (2) UHPLC-TOF MS analysis of the fecal solutions (non-targeted analysis). Both approaches revealed statistically-significant changes in the concentration of several metabolites as a consequence of the wine intake. Similarity and complementarity between targeted and non-targeted approaches in the analysis of the fecal metabolome are discussed. Both strategies allowed the definition of a complex metabolic profile derived from wine intake. Likewise, the identification of endogenous markers could lead to new hypotheses to unravel the relationship between moderate wine consumption and the metabolic functionality of gut microbiota. View Full-Text
Keywords: wine; polyphenols; fecal metabolome; UPLC-ESI-MS/MS; UHPLC-TOF MS wine; polyphenols; fecal metabolome; UPLC-ESI-MS/MS; UHPLC-TOF MS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiménez-Girón, A.; Muñoz-González, I.; Martínlvarez, P.J.; Moreno-Arribas, M.V.; Bartolomé, B. Towards the Fecal Metabolome Derived from Moderate Red Wine Intake. Metabolites 2014, 4, 1101-1118.

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