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Electronics 2016, 5(4), 85; doi:10.3390/electronics5040085

On the Implementation of the IEC 61850 Standard: Will Different Manufacturer Devices Behave Similarly under Identical Conditions?

Energy Systems Research Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alfredo Vaccaro and Jin (Wei) Kocsis
Received: 3 November 2016 / Revised: 22 November 2016 / Accepted: 25 November 2016 / Published: 5 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Grid Cyber Security)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2330 KB, uploaded 5 December 2016]   |  


Standardization in smart grid communications is necessary to facilitate complex operations of modern power system functions. However, the strong coupling between the cyber and physical domains of the contemporary grid exposes the system to vulnerabilities and thus places more burden on standards’ developers. As such, standards need to be continuously assessed for reliability and are expected to be implemented properly on field devices. However, the actual implementation of common standards varies between vendors, which may lead to different behaviors of the devices even if present under similar conditions. The work in this paper tested the implementation of the International Electro-technical Commission’s Generic Object Oriented Substation Event GOOSE (IEC 61850 GOOSE) messaging protocol on commercial Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) and the open source libiec61850 library—also used in commercial devices—which showed different behaviors in identical situations. Based on the test results and analysis of some features of the IEC 61850 GOOSE protocol itself, this paper proposes guidelines and recommendations for proper implementation of the standard functionalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyber-attack; GOOSE; IEC 61850; IED; standardization; Substation Automation cyber-attack; GOOSE; IEC 61850; IED; standardization; Substation Automation

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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El Hariri, M.; Youssef, T.A.; Mohammed, O.A. On the Implementation of the IEC 61850 Standard: Will Different Manufacturer Devices Behave Similarly under Identical Conditions? Electronics 2016, 5, 85.

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