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Far Field Extrapolation from Near Field Interactions and Shielding Influence Investigations Based on a FE-PEEC Coupling Method
Grenoble Electrical Engineering Laboratory BP46, Domaine Universitaire, Saint Martin d'Hères 38402, France
Electric Power System Department, Electric Power University, 235 Hoang Quoc Viet, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
Cedrat, 15, Chemin de Malacher-Inovallée, Meylan Cedex 38246, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2012; in revised form: 19 January 2013 / Accepted: 5 February 2013 / Published: 8 March 2013
Abstract: Regarding standards, it is well established that common mode currents are the main source of far field emitted by variable frequency drive (VFD)-cable-motor associations. These currents are generated by the combination of floating potentials with stray capacitances between these floating potential tracks and the mechanical parts connected to the earth (the heatsink or cables are usual examples). Nowadays, due to frequency and power increases, the systematic compliance to EMC (ElectroMagnetic Compatibility) becomes increasingly difficult and costly for industrials. As a consequence, there is a well-identified need to investigate practical and low cost solutions to reduce the radiated fields of VFD-cable-motor associations. A well-adapted solution is the shielding of wound components well known as the major source of near magnetic field. However, this solution is not convenient, it is expensive and may not be efficient regarding far field reduction. Optimizing the components placement could be a better and cheaper solution. As a consequence, dedicated tools have to be developed to efficiently investigate not easy comprehendible phenomena and finally to control EMC disturbances using component placement, layout geometry, shielding design if needed. However, none of the modeling methods usually used in industry complies with large frequency range and far field models including magnetic materials, multilayer PCBs, and shielding. The contribution of this paper is to show that alternatives regarding modeling solutions exist and can be used to get in-deep analysis of such complex structures. It is shown in this paper that near field investigations can give information on far field behavior. It is illustrated by an investigation of near field interactions and shielding influence using a FE-PEEC hybrid method. The test case combining a common mode filter with the floating potentials tracks of an inverter is based on an industrial and commercialized VFD. The near field interactions between the common mode inductance and the tracks with floating potentials are revealed. Then, the influence of the common mode inductance shielding is analyzed.
Keywords: electromagnetic compatibility; electromagnetic coupling; modeling; power conversion
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Clavel, E.; Tran, T.-S.; Aimé, J.; Meunier, G.; Roudet, J. Far Field Extrapolation from Near Field Interactions and Shielding Influence Investigations Based on a FE-PEEC Coupling Method. Electronics 2013, 2, 80-93.
Clavel E, Tran T-S, Aimé J, Meunier G, Roudet J. Far Field Extrapolation from Near Field Interactions and Shielding Influence Investigations Based on a FE-PEEC Coupling Method. Electronics. 2013; 2(1):80-93.
Clavel, Edith; Tran, Thanh-Son; Aimé, Jérémie; Meunier, Gérard; Roudet, James. 2013. "Far Field Extrapolation from Near Field Interactions and Shielding Influence Investigations Based on a FE-PEEC Coupling Method." Electronics 2, no. 1: 80-93.