Secondary Plant Metabolites for Sun Protective Cosmetics: From Pre-Selection to Product Formulation
AbstractTopical sun protective cosmetics (sunscreens, pre- and post-sun) have been intensively developed and produced to protect human skin against solar irradiation-associated damages/pathologies. Unfortunately, routine cosmetics for sun protection containing synthetic organic and/or physical sunscreens could exert adverse effects towards human organisms and bring undesirable ecological changes. Terrestrial and marine plant species, being exposed to sun light for hundreds of millions of years, have evolved two pro-survival strategies: effective protection against/adaptation to its deleterious effects and the use of solar energy for photosynthesis/photo-biochemical reactions. Secondary plant metabolites (SPM) are primary sensors of solar energy and mediators of its use (photo-sensitisers) or neutralisation (photo-protectors). A similar double photo-protective/photo-sensitising system is built in within human skin. Modern development of toxicologically/ecologically safe yet effective sun-protective cosmetics attempts to pre-select photo-stable and non-phototoxic SPMs that provide broad UVA + UVB sunscreen, free radical scavenging and direct antioxidant defence, endogenous antioxidant rescue, induction of antioxidant enzymes (indirect antioxidant defence), and normalisation of metabolic and immune responses to UVA + UVB. Proper formulation of sun protective cosmetics should assure targeted delivery of photo-active SPMs to definite skin layers to invigorate the built in photo-chemical skin barrier. View Full-Text
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Korkina, L.; Kostyuk, V.; Potapovich, A.; Mayer, W.; Talib, N.; De Luca, C. Secondary Plant Metabolites for Sun Protective Cosmetics: From Pre-Selection to Product Formulation. Cosmetics 2018, 5, 32.
Korkina L, Kostyuk V, Potapovich A, Mayer W, Talib N, De Luca C. Secondary Plant Metabolites for Sun Protective Cosmetics: From Pre-Selection to Product Formulation. Cosmetics. 2018; 5(2):32.Chicago/Turabian Style
Korkina, Liudmila; Kostyuk, Vladimir; Potapovich, Alla; Mayer, Wolfgang; Talib, Nigma; De Luca, Chiara. 2018. "Secondary Plant Metabolites for Sun Protective Cosmetics: From Pre-Selection to Product Formulation." Cosmetics 5, no. 2: 32.