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Cosmetics 2016, 3(4), 41; doi:10.3390/cosmetics3040041

Green Nanotechnology Serving the Bioeconomy: Natural Beauty Masks to Save the Environment

1
Skin Pharmacology, Dermatology Department, 2nd University of Naples, 80138 Naples, Italy
2
Dermatology Department, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China
3
Research & Development, Centre of Nanoscience, Mavi Sud, s.r.l, 04011 Aprilia (Lt), Italy
4
Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, CTO (Centro Traumatologico Ortopedico) Hospital, 00142 Rome, Italy
5
Research & Development, ISCD, International Society of Cosmetic Dermatology, 00195 Rome, Italy
6
Chemical Materials Environmental Engineering Department, University “La Sapienza”, 00184 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Enzo Berardesca
Received: 9 June 2016 / Revised: 14 November 2016 / Accepted: 14 November 2016 / Published: 5 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanotechnologies in Cosmetics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3995 KB, uploaded 5 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

According to United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), ensuring a clean and healthy environment will provide multiple benefits to society and economy. Sustainable production, followed by appropriate management of industrial and agricultural waste, will protect and enhance biodiversity and ecosystem services. To achieve this objective, specific policies must be put in place and specific actions performed for making a low-carbon and resource-efficient economy with reduced production of petrol-derived goods. The aim of the study has been to produce effective and safe anti-age beauty masks made of non-woven tissues based on the use of chitin nanofibril (CN) and nanolignin (LG), obtained from crustaceans and plant biomass, respectively. To this purpose, nanoparticles and electrospun fibres have been characterized by Dynamic Light Scattering and SEM, while the safeness and effectiveness of the obtained tissues was verified in vitro on a culture of keratinocytes and fibroblasts, and controlled in vivo by expert dermatologists on 30 volunteer photo-aged women, by subjective and objective bioengineered methods. The in vitro results have shown that the beauty masks have no toxic effects on the viability of keratinocytes and fibroblasts treated by the Dimethyl Tetrazole (MTT) method, and exhibit a decreased expression of cytokines, playing a central role in the regulation of immune and inflammatory responses in premature aging and environmental assaults. The reparative and antiaging effectiveness of these innovative beauty masks have been also verified on the release of Metallo Proteinase I (MMP-1) and the increased synthesis of collagen type I, reduced in skin aging. The first preliminary in vivo results, obtained by engineering methods, have confirmed the protective and rejuvenating activity shown by the in vitro study conducted on 30 voluntary women exhibiting signs of photoaging. The raw materials used are of natural origin being also respectful of the environment, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (EOCD) and EU programmes. View Full-Text
Keywords: beauty mask; non-woven tissue; skin aging; rejuvenation; bionanotechnology; green economy; chitin nanofibril; lignin beauty mask; non-woven tissue; skin aging; rejuvenation; bionanotechnology; green economy; chitin nanofibril; lignin
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Morganti, P.; Palombo, M.; Carezzi, F.; Nunziata, M.L.; Morganti, G.; Cardillo, M.; Chianese, A. Green Nanotechnology Serving the Bioeconomy: Natural Beauty Masks to Save the Environment. Cosmetics 2016, 3, 41.

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