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Cosmetics 2016, 3(4), 39; doi:10.3390/cosmetics3040039

Effective Active Ingredients Obtained through Biotechnology

1
VitaLab srl, via B. Brin 69, Naples-80142, Italy
2
Arterra Bioscience srl, via B. Brin 69, Naples-80142, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marie Lodén
Received: 9 September 2016 / Revised: 11 November 2016 / Accepted: 14 November 2016 / Published: 18 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Efficacy Assessment of Cosmetics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [193 KB, uploaded 18 November 2016]

Abstract

The history of cosmetics develops in parallel to the history of man, associated with fishing, hunting, and superstition in the beginning, and later with medicine and pharmacy. Over the ages, together with human progress, cosmetics have changed continuously and nowadays the cosmetic market is global and highly competitive, where terms such as quality, efficacy and safety are essential. Consumers’ demands are extremely sophisticated, and thus scientific research and product development have become vital to meet them. Moreover, consumers are aware about environmental and sustainability issues, and thus not harming the environment represents a key consideration when developing a new cosmetic ingredient. The latest tendencies of cosmetics are based on advanced research into how to interfere with skin cell aging: research includes the use of biotechnology-derived ingredients and the analysis of their effects on the biology of the cells, in terms of gene regulation, protein expression and enzymatic activity measures. In this review, we will provide some examples of cosmetic active ingredients developed through biotechnological systems, whose activity on the skin has been scientifically proved through in vitro and clinical studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: cosmeceuticals; biotechnology; anti-aging; efficacy cosmeceuticals; biotechnology; anti-aging; efficacy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zappelli, C.; Barbulova, A.; Apone, F.; Colucci, G. Effective Active Ingredients Obtained through Biotechnology. Cosmetics 2016, 3, 39.

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