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Resources 2017, 6(4), 48; doi:10.3390/resources6040048

Assessment of Policy Integration of Sustainable Consumption and Production into National Policies

1,2,* and 1,3
1
Sustainable Consumption and Production Area, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Kamiyamaguchi 2108-11, Hayama, Kanagawa 240-0115, Japan
2
Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 1717 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
3
Department of Economics and Management, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 27, Latokartanonkaari 5, Helsinki FI-00014, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 21 August 2017 / Accepted: 5 September 2017 / Published: 22 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Development Goals)
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Abstract

Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) was adopted as a stand-alone goal and reflected as one of the cross-cutting objectives of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with a central role to address global resource consumption and its associated environmental impacts, as well as numerous social and economic issues. With this broad characterization of SCP, policy integration is crucial in addressing it at national level. This paper analyzes characteristics of SCP policy integration based on a survey of national government policies. It reveals that SCP is not fully integrated in national policy-making; high resource consumption sectors such as urban planning, building, and tourism are not fully incorporated into national SCP policies, and there is only limited participation of relevant government ministries other than environment ministries. We find that among countries with horizontal policy integration, those with Green Economy/Green Growth frameworks tend to have better sectoral integration; and those with SCP-specific frameworks are likely to have broader coordination of ministries. By conducting cross-analysis using income level and region, the different characteristics of SCP policy-making approaches were identified. The results of this study provide a better understanding of how SCP is integrated into policy for effective national policy-making and measurement of the SDG Goal 12. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable consumption and production; sustainable development goals; policy integration; sustainability governance; green economy; green growth sustainable consumption and production; sustainable development goals; policy integration; sustainability governance; green economy; green growth
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Koide, R.; Akenji, L. Assessment of Policy Integration of Sustainable Consumption and Production into National Policies. Resources 2017, 6, 48.

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