Dynamic Ecocentric Assessment Combining Emergy and Data Envelopment Analysis: Application to Wind Farms
AbstractMost of current life-cycle approaches show an anthropocentric standpoint for the evaluation of human-dominated activities. However, this perspective is insufficient when it comes to assessing the contribution of natural resources to production processes. In this respect, emergy analysis evaluates human-driven systems from a donor-side perspective, accounting for the environmental effort performed to make the resources available. This article presents a novel methodological framework, which combines emergy analysis and dynamic Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) for the ecocentric assessment of multiple resembling entities over an extended period of time. The use of this approach is shown through a case study of wind energy farms. Furthermore, the results obtained are compared with those of previous studies from two different angles. On the one hand, a comparison with results from anthropocentric approaches (combined life cycle assessment and DEA) is drawn. On the other hand, results from similar ecocentric approaches, but without a dynamic model, are also subject to comparison. The combined use of emergy analysis and dynamic DEA is found to be a valid methodological framework for the computation of resource efficiency and the valuation of ecosystem services. It complements traditional anthropocentric assessments while appropriately including relevant time effects. View Full-Text
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Martín-Gamboa, M.; Iribarren, D. Dynamic Ecocentric Assessment Combining Emergy and Data Envelopment Analysis: Application to Wind Farms. Resources 2016, 5, 8.
Martín-Gamboa M, Iribarren D. Dynamic Ecocentric Assessment Combining Emergy and Data Envelopment Analysis: Application to Wind Farms. Resources. 2016; 5(1):8.Chicago/Turabian Style
Martín-Gamboa, Mario; Iribarren, Diego. 2016. "Dynamic Ecocentric Assessment Combining Emergy and Data Envelopment Analysis: Application to Wind Farms." Resources 5, no. 1: 8.
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