Next Article in Journal
Kinetics of Ultrasound-Assisted Flavonoid Extraction from Agri-Food Solid Wastes Using Water/Glycerol Mixtures
Next Article in Special Issue
Dynamic Ecocentric Assessment Combining Emergy and Data Envelopment Analysis: Application to Wind Farms
Previous Article in Journal
Linking Material Flow Analysis with Resilience Using Rice: A Case Study in Global, Visual MFA of a Key Food Product
Previous Article in Special Issue
Surplus Cost Potential as a Life Cycle Impact Indicator for Metal Extraction
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Resources 2016, 5(1), 5; doi:10.3390/resources5010005

Resource Efficiency Assessment—Comparing a Plug-In Hybrid with a Conventional Combustion Engine

1
Group Environmental Protection, Daimler AG, Stuttgart 70546, Germany
2
Chair of Sustainable Engineering, Technische Universität Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, Berlin 10623, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mario Schmidt
Received: 22 October 2015 / Revised: 11 December 2015 / Accepted: 22 December 2015 / Published: 21 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Consideration of Abiotic Natural Resources in Life Cycle Assessments)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2032 KB, uploaded 21 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

The strong economic growth in recent years has led to an intensive use of natural resources, which causes environmental stress as well as restrictions on the availability of resources. Therefore, a more efficient use of resources is necessary as an important contribution to sustainable development. The ESSENZ method presented in this article comprehensively assesses a product’s resource efficiency by going beyond existing approaches and considering the pollution of the environment as well as the physical and socio-economic availability of resources. This paper contains a short description of the ESSENZ methodology as well as a case study of the Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W 205)—comparing the conventional C 250 (petrol engine) with the C 350 e Plug-In Hybrid (electric motor and petrol engine). By applying the ESSENZ method it can be shown that the use of more and different materials for the Plug-In-Hybrid influences the dimensions physical and socio-economic availability significantly. However, for environmental impacts, especially climate change and summer smog, clear advantages of the C 350 e occur due to lower demand of fossil energy carriers. As shown within the case study, the when applying the ESSENZ method a comprehensive evaluation of the used materials and fossil energy carriers can be achieved. View Full-Text
Keywords: resource efficiency; life cycle assessment; physical availability; socio-economic availability; environmental impact resource efficiency; life cycle assessment; physical availability; socio-economic availability; environmental impact
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Henßler, M.; Bach, V.; Berger, M.; Finkbeiner, M.; Ruhland, K. Resource Efficiency Assessment—Comparing a Plug-In Hybrid with a Conventional Combustion Engine. Resources 2016, 5, 5.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Resources EISSN 2079-9276 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top