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Resources 2015, 4(2), 412-433; doi:10.3390/resources4020412

The Household Cooking Sector in Nigeria: Environmental and Economic Sustainability Assessment

1
School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, The Mill, Sackville Street, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
2
Department of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Public Policy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
All authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Witold-Roger Poganietz
Received: 4 April 2015 / Revised: 2 June 2015 / Accepted: 12 June 2015 / Published: 18 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alternative Energy Sources in Developing and Developed Regions)
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Abstract

This paper studies life cycle environmental impacts and costs of the household cooking sector in Nigeria from 2003 to 2030. Five scenarios are considered: business as usual, dominated by fuel wood stoves; low penetration of improved fuel wood and solar stoves, as planned by the government; high penetration of these stoves; increased use of fossil fuel stoves; and increased use of electric stoves. If business as usual (BAU) continues, the environmental impacts would increase by up to four times and costs by up to five times, mainly because of high fuel wood consumption. Implementing the government’s plan to introduce improved fuel wood and solar stoves would yield no environmental advantages, as the proposed number of stoves is too low. A higher number of the advanced stoves would lead to significant improvements in some impacts but would worsen others so that some trade-offs are needed. From the economic perspective, the scenario with a high use of advanced stoves has the lowest total costs but its capital costs are three times higher than for BAU. The government should prioritise the introduction of advanced stoves to reduce health impact from indoor pollution and reduce pressures on biomass resources; however, this may require subsidies. Fossil fuel and electric stoves would also help to preserve biomass and reduce health impacts from indoor pollution but would lead to an increase in greenhouse gas emissions and depletion of fossil resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic assessment; household cooking; life cycle assessment; Nigeria; scenario analysis economic assessment; household cooking; life cycle assessment; Nigeria; scenario analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gujba, H.; Mulugetta, Y.; Azapagic, A. The Household Cooking Sector in Nigeria: Environmental and Economic Sustainability Assessment. Resources 2015, 4, 412-433.

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