Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Household Cooking Sector in Nigeria: Environmental and Economic Sustainability Assessment
Previous Article in Journal
A Comparison of Single and Multi-Stream Recycling Systems in Ontario, Canada
Previous Article in Special Issue
Frameworks for Understanding and Promoting Solar Energy Technology Development
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Resources 2015, 4(2), 398-411; doi:10.3390/resources4020398

Assessing the Life-Cycle Performance of Hydrogen Production via Biofuel Reforming in Europe

1
Systems Analysis Unit, Instituto IMDEA Energía, Av. Ramón de la Sagra 3, Móstoles E-28935, Spain
2
Department of Chemical and Energy Technology, Rey Juan Carlos University, St. Tulipán s/n, Móstoles E-28933, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Witold-Roger Poganietz
Received: 2 April 2015 / Revised: 9 June 2015 / Accepted: 11 June 2015 / Published: 17 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alternative Energy Sources in Developing and Developed Regions)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [440 KB, uploaded 17 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Currently, hydrogen is mainly produced through steam reforming of natural gas. However, this conventional process involves environmental and energy security concerns. This has led to the development of alternative technologies for (potentially) green hydrogen production. In this work, the environmental and energy performance of biohydrogen produced in Europe via steam reforming of glycerol and bio-oil is evaluated from a life-cycle perspective, and contrasted with that of conventional hydrogen from steam methane reforming. Glycerol as a by-product from the production of rapeseed biodiesel and bio-oil from the fast pyrolysis of poplar biomass are considered. The processing plants are simulated in Aspen Plus® to provide inventory data for the life cycle assessment. The environmental impact potentials evaluated include abiotic depletion, global warming, ozone layer depletion, photochemical oxidant formation, land competition, acidification and eutrophication. Furthermore, the cumulative (total and non-renewable) energy demand is calculated, as well as the corresponding renewability scores and life-cycle energy balances and efficiencies of the biohydrogen products. In addition to quantitative evidence of the (expected) relevance of the feedstock and impact categories considered, results show that poplar-derived bio-oil could be a suitable feedstock for steam reforming, in contrast to first-generation bioglycerol. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-oil; cumulative energy demand; environmental impact; glycerol; life cycle assessment; steam reforming bio-oil; cumulative energy demand; environmental impact; glycerol; life cycle assessment; steam reforming
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Susmozas, A.; Iribarren, D.; Dufour, J. Assessing the Life-Cycle Performance of Hydrogen Production via Biofuel Reforming in Europe. Resources 2015, 4, 398-411.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Resources EISSN 2079-9276 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top