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Microbial Competition in Polar Soils: A Review of an Understudied but Potentially Important Control on Productivity
Department of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec H9X 3V9, Canada
National Research Council Canada, Energy, Mining and Environment, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H4P 2R2, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 March 2013; in revised form: 11 March 2013 / Accepted: 12 March 2013 / Published: 27 March 2013
Abstract: Intermicrobial competition is known to occur in many natural environments, and can result from direct conflict between organisms, or from differential rates of growth, colonization, and/or nutrient acquisition. It has been difficult to extensively examine intermicrobial competition in situ, but these interactions may play an important role in the regulation of the many biogeochemical processes that are tied to microbial communities in polar soils. A greater understanding of how competition influences productivity will improve projections of gas and nutrient flux as the poles warm, may provide biotechnological opportunities for increasing the degradation of contaminants in polar soil, and will help to predict changes in communities of higher organisms, such as plants.
Keywords: competition; Arctic; Antarctic; bacteria; fungi; biogeochemistry; biodegradation; soil; microbial communities
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Bell, T.H.; Callender, K.L.; Whyte, L.G.; Greer, C.W. Microbial Competition in Polar Soils: A Review of an Understudied but Potentially Important Control on Productivity. Biology 2013, 2, 533-554.
Bell TH, Callender KL, Whyte LG, Greer CW. Microbial Competition in Polar Soils: A Review of an Understudied but Potentially Important Control on Productivity. Biology. 2013; 2(2):533-554.
Bell, Terrence H.; Callender, Katrina L.; Whyte, Lyle G.; Greer, Charles W. 2013. "Microbial Competition in Polar Soils: A Review of an Understudied but Potentially Important Control on Productivity." Biology 2, no. 2: 533-554.