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Fibers 2016, 4(1), 2; doi:10.3390/fib4010002

Preparation and Properties of Gelatin Fibers Fabricated by Dry Spinning

Faculty of Chemistry, Materials and Bioengineering, Kansai University, Suita, Osaka 564-8680, Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ton Peijs
Received: 26 October 2015 / Accepted: 14 January 2016 / Published: 20 January 2016
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Abstract

Gelatin fibers have been prepared by dry spinning based on the sol-gel transition phenomena of aqueous gelatin solutions. This method is simple and environmentally friendly because only water is used for the spinning, thereby avoiding the use of any toxic organic solvents. A sol-state aqueous solution of gelatin at 50 °C was extruded into air through a thin nozzle at room temperature followed by high-speed stretching in air. As a result, a stretched and shiny gelatin fiber was produced. To improve the mechanical and water-resistant properties of the fibers, a crosslinking treatment by the addition of sugars, denacol, and glutaraldehyde vapor was used. Despite their smooth surfaces, the gelatin fibers exhibited a multi-porous phase on the inside, probably owing to the retention of water during the spinning process. The mean diameters of the obtained fibers with all crosslinking agents were approximately 50–60 μm. Furthermore, the mean tensile strength was increased by all crosslinking agents. In particular, the use of N-acetyl-d-glucosamine and glutaraldehyde as the crosslinkers resulted in a remarkable increase in tensile strength and water resistance. Moreover, their properties were further improved after heat treatment. These fibers also exhibited good water resistance and maintained their morphologies for more than 90 days. View Full-Text
Keywords: gelatin fiber; dry spinning; crosslinking; mechanical property; water resistance gelatin fiber; dry spinning; crosslinking; mechanical property; water resistance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chaochai, T.; Imai, Y.; Furuike, T.; Tamura, H. Preparation and Properties of Gelatin Fibers Fabricated by Dry Spinning. Fibers 2016, 4, 2.

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