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Fibers 2014, 2(2), 108-127; doi:10.3390/fib2020108
Review

Release of Carbon Nanotubes from Polymer Nanocomposites

1,2,3,* , 1
 and 2,3
Received: 11 February 2014; in revised form: 21 March 2014 / Accepted: 21 March 2014 / Published: 28 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanofibres: Friend or Foe?)
Download PDF [2394 KB, uploaded 28 March 2014]
Abstract: Carbon nanotube (CNT)/polymer nanocomposites have superior properties compared to the neat polymer matrix. They now are widely used in industry, but questions have been raised about the risks of such materials since CNTs can be toxic when inhaled. For a risk assessment of CNT nanocomposites, it is crucial to know whether CNTs from nanocomposites can be released into the environment or if they remain embedded in the matrix. This review article summarizes the studies that investigated the release of CNTs from nanocomposites during the service life. Three scenarios are reviewed, the release of particles due to mechanical impact, the release due to weathering processes, and the release due to fire. A release during composite production and disposal is not incorporated.
Keywords: carbon nanotubes; nanocomposites; release; nanosafety carbon nanotubes; nanocomposites; release; nanosafety
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Schlagenhauf, L.; Nüesch, F.; Wang, J. Release of Carbon Nanotubes from Polymer Nanocomposites. Fibers 2014, 2, 108-127.

AMA Style

Schlagenhauf L, Nüesch F, Wang J. Release of Carbon Nanotubes from Polymer Nanocomposites. Fibers. 2014; 2(2):108-127.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schlagenhauf, Lukas; Nüesch, Frank; Wang, Jing. 2014. "Release of Carbon Nanotubes from Polymer Nanocomposites." Fibers 2, no. 2: 108-127.


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