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Fibers 2014, 2(2), 158-186; doi:10.3390/fib2020158
Review

High Strength and High Modulus Electrospun Nanofibers

1
, 1,2
 and 1,3,*
1 School of Engineering and Materials Science, and Materials Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK 2 Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands 3 Nanoforce Technology Ltd., Joseph Priestly Building, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2014 / Revised: 19 March 2014 / Accepted: 9 April 2014 / Published: 30 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanofibres: Friend or Foe?)

Abstract

Electrospinning is a rapidly growing polymer processing technology as it provides a viable and simple method to create ultra-fine continuous fibers. This paper presents an in-depth review of the mechanical properties of electrospun fibers and particularly focuses on methodologies to generate high strength and high modulus nanofibers. As such, it aims to provide some guidance to future research activities in the area of high performance electrospun fibers.
Keywords: polymer nanofibers; chain orientation; chain extension; crystallinity; mechanical properties; carbon nanotubes; carbon nanofibers polymer nanofibers; chain orientation; chain extension; crystallinity; mechanical properties; carbon nanotubes; carbon nanofibers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yao, J.; Bastiaansen, C.W.M.; Peijs, T. High Strength and High Modulus Electrospun Nanofibers. Fibers 2014, 2, 158-186.

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