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Coatings 2017, 7(8), 111; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings7080111

Thermal Analysis of Tantalum Carbide-Hafnium Carbide Solid Solutions from Room Temperature to 1400 °C

Plasma Forming Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, 33139 FL, USA
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Received: 5 June 2017 / Revised: 10 July 2017 / Accepted: 25 July 2017 / Published: 28 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ultrahigh Temperature Ceramic Coatings and Composites)
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Abstract

The thermogravimetric analysis on TaC, HfC, and their solid solutions has been carried out in air up to 1400 °C. Three solid solution compositions have been chosen: 80TaC-20 vol % HfC (T80H20), 50TaC-50 vol % HfC (T50H50), and 20TaC-80 vol % HfC (T20H80), in addition to pure TaC and HfC. Solid solutions exhibit better oxidation resistance than the pure carbides. The onset of oxidation is delayed in solid solutions from 750 °C for pure TaC, to 940 °C for the T50H50 sample. Moreover, T50H50 samples display the highest resistance to oxidation with the retention of the initial carbides. The oxide scale formed on the T50H50 sample displays mechanical integrity to prevent the oxidation of the underlying carbide solid solution. The improved oxidation resistance of the solid solution is attributed to the reaction between Ta2O5 and HfC, which stabilizes the volume changes induced by the formation of Ta2O5 and diminishes the generation of gaseous products. Also, the formation of solid solutions disturbs the atomic arrangement inside the lattice, which delays the reaction between Ta and O. Both of these mechanisms lead to the improved oxidation resistances of TaC-HfC solid solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: tantalum carbide; hafnium carbide; solid solutions; oxidation; thermogravimetric analysis tantalum carbide; hafnium carbide; solid solutions; oxidation; thermogravimetric analysis
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Zhang, C.; Loganathan, A.; Boesl, B.; Agarwal, A. Thermal Analysis of Tantalum Carbide-Hafnium Carbide Solid Solutions from Room Temperature to 1400 °C. Coatings 2017, 7, 111.

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