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Open AccessCommunication
Coatings 2016, 6(3), 29; doi:10.3390/coatings6030029

A Novel Technique for the Deposition of Bismuth Tungstate onto Titania Nanoparticulates for Enhancing the Visible Light Photocatalytic Activity

1
Surface Engineering Group, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, M1 5GD, UK
2
School of Science and the Environment, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, M1 5GD, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joaquim Carneiro
Received: 17 June 2016 / Revised: 12 July 2016 / Accepted: 19 July 2016 / Published: 21 July 2016
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Abstract

A novel powder handling technique was used to allow the deposition of bismuth tungstate coatings onto commercial titanium dioxide photocatalytic nanoparticles. The coatings were deposited by reactive pulsed DC magnetron sputtering in an argon/oxygen atmosphere. The use of an oscillating bowl with rotary particle propagation, positioned beneath two closed-field planar magnetrons, provided uniform coverage of the titania particle surfaces. The bismuth/tungsten atomic ratio of the coatings was controlled by varying the power applied to each target. The resulting materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area measurements, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Photocatalytic properties under visible light irradiation were assessed using an acetone degradation test. It was found that deposition of bismuth tungstate onto titania nanoparticles resulted in significant increases in visible light photocatalytic activity, compared to uncoated titania. Of the coatings studied, the highest photocatalytic activity was measured for the sample with a Bi/W atomic ratio of 2/1. View Full-Text
Keywords: bismuth tungstate; titania nanoparticles; magnetron sputtering; photocatalyst; acetone degradation; visible light bismuth tungstate; titania nanoparticles; magnetron sputtering; photocatalyst; acetone degradation; visible light
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ratova, M.; Kelly, P.J.; West, G.T.; Tosheva, L. A Novel Technique for the Deposition of Bismuth Tungstate onto Titania Nanoparticulates for Enhancing the Visible Light Photocatalytic Activity. Coatings 2016, 6, 29.

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