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Coating and Surface Treatments on Orthodontic Metallic Materials
Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Medellín, Colombia
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín, Colombia
Ceramics and Glasses Group, Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín, Colombia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2012; in revised form: 14 December 2012 / Accepted: 21 December 2012 / Published: 27 December 2012
Abstract: Metallic biomaterials have been extensively used in orthodontics throughout history. Gold, stainless steel, cobalt-chromium alloys, titanium and its alloys, among other metallic biomaterials, have been part of the orthodontic armamentarium since the twentieth century. Metals and alloys possess outstanding properties and offer numerous possibilities for the fabrication of orthodontic devices such as brackets, wires, bands, ligatures, among others. However, these materials have drawbacks that can present problems for the orthodontist. Poor friction control, allergic reactions, and metal ionic release are some of the most common disadvantages found when using metallic alloys for manufacturing orthodontic appliances. In order to overcome such weaknesses, research has been conducted aiming at different approaches, such as coatings and surface treatments, which have been developed to render these materials more suitable for orthodontic applications. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the coating and surface treatment methods performed on metallic biomaterials used in orthodontics.
Keywords: coating; surface treatment; titanium alloys; stainless steel; orthodontic metals
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MDPI and ACS Style
Arango, S.; Peláez-Vargas, A.; García, C. Coating and Surface Treatments on Orthodontic Metallic Materials. Coatings 2013, 3, 1-15.
Arango S, Peláez-Vargas A, García C. Coating and Surface Treatments on Orthodontic Metallic Materials. Coatings. 2013; 3(1):1-15.
Arango, Santiago; Peláez-Vargas, Alejandro; García, Claudia. 2013. "Coating and Surface Treatments on Orthodontic Metallic Materials." Coatings 3, no. 1: 1-15.