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Coatings 2013, 3(1), 1-15; doi:10.3390/coatings3010001
Review

Coating and Surface Treatments on Orthodontic Metallic Materials

1,2,* , 1
 and 3
Received: 12 November 2012; in revised form: 14 December 2012 / Accepted: 21 December 2012 / Published: 27 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Dental Biomaterials and Coatings)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [192 KB, updated 7 January 2013; original version uploaded 27 December 2012]
Abstract: Metallic biomaterials have been extensively used in orthodontics throughout history. Gold, stainless steel, cobalt-chromium alloys, titanium and its alloys, among other metallic biomaterials, have been part of the orthodontic armamentarium since the twentieth century. Metals and alloys possess outstanding properties and offer numerous possibilities for the fabrication of orthodontic devices such as brackets, wires, bands, ligatures, among others. However, these materials have drawbacks that can present problems for the orthodontist. Poor friction control, allergic reactions, and metal ionic release are some of the most common disadvantages found when using metallic alloys for manufacturing orthodontic appliances. In order to overcome such weaknesses, research has been conducted aiming at different approaches, such as coatings and surface treatments, which have been developed to render these materials more suitable for orthodontic applications. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the coating and surface treatment methods performed on metallic biomaterials used in orthodontics.
Keywords: coating; surface treatment; titanium alloys; stainless steel; orthodontic metals coating; surface treatment; titanium alloys; stainless steel; orthodontic metals
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Arango, S.; Peláez-Vargas, A.; García, C. Coating and Surface Treatments on Orthodontic Metallic Materials. Coatings 2013, 3, 1-15.

AMA Style

Arango S, Peláez-Vargas A, García C. Coating and Surface Treatments on Orthodontic Metallic Materials. Coatings. 2013; 3(1):1-15.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arango, Santiago; Peláez-Vargas, Alejandro; García, Claudia. 2013. "Coating and Surface Treatments on Orthodontic Metallic Materials." Coatings 3, no. 1: 1-15.

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