A Clinical Drug Library Screen Identifies Tosufloxacin as Being Highly Active against Staphylococcus aureus Persisters
AbstractTo identify effective compounds that are active against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) persisters, we screened a clinical drug library consisting of 1524 compounds and identified six drug candidates that had anti-persister activity: tosufloxacin, clinafloxacin, sarafloxacin, doxycycline, thiostrepton, and chlorosalicylanilide. Among them, tosufloxacin had the highest anti-persister activity, which could completely eradicate S. aureus persisters within 2 days in vitro. Clinafloxacin ranked the second with very few persisters surviving the drug exposure. Interestingly, we found that both tosufloxacin and trovafloxacin that had high activity against persisters contained at the N-1 position the 2,4-difluorophenyl group, which is absent in other less active quinolones and may be associated with the high anti-persister activity. Further studies are needed to evaluate tosufloxacin in animal models and to explain its unique activity against bacterial persisters. Our findings may have implications for improved treatment of persistent bacterial infections. View Full-Text
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Niu, H.; Cui, P.; Yee, R.; Shi, W.; Zhang, S.; Feng, J.; Sullivan, D.; Zhang, W.; Zhu, B.; Zhang, Y. A Clinical Drug Library Screen Identifies Tosufloxacin as Being Highly Active against Staphylococcus aureus Persisters. Antibiotics 2015, 4, 329-336.
Niu H, Cui P, Yee R, Shi W, Zhang S, Feng J, Sullivan D, Zhang W, Zhu B, Zhang Y. A Clinical Drug Library Screen Identifies Tosufloxacin as Being Highly Active against Staphylococcus aureus Persisters. Antibiotics. 2015; 4(3):329-336.Chicago/Turabian Style
Niu, Hongxia; Cui, Peng; Yee, Rebecca; Shi, Wanliang; Zhang, Shuo; Feng, Jie; Sullivan, David; Zhang, Wenhong; Zhu, Bingdong; Zhang, Ying. 2015. "A Clinical Drug Library Screen Identifies Tosufloxacin as Being Highly Active against Staphylococcus aureus Persisters." Antibiotics 4, no. 3: 329-336.