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Antibiotics 2014, 3(2), 193-215; doi:10.3390/antibiotics3020193

β-Lactam Antibiotics Renaissance

ISOF-CNR Department of Chemistry "G. Ciamician", Via Selmi, 2 I-40126 Bologna, Italy
Allecra Therapeutics SAS, 13, rue de Village-Neuf, F-68300 St-Louis, France
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 March 2014 / Revised: 30 April 2014 / Accepted: 4 May 2014 / Published: 9 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance)


Since the 1940s β-lactam antibiotics have been used to treat bacterial infections. However, emergence and dissemination of β-lactam resistance has reached the point where many marketed β-lactams no longer are clinically effective. The increasing prevalence of multidrug-resistant bacteria and the progressive withdrawal of pharmaceutical companies from antibiotic research have evoked a strong reaction from health authorities, who have implemented initiatives to encourage the discovery of new antibacterials. Despite this gloomy scenario, several novel β-lactam antibiotics and β-lactamase inhibitors have recently progressed into clinical trials, and many more such compounds are being investigated. Here we seek to provide highlights of recent developments relating to the discovery of novel β-lactam antibiotics and β-lactamase inhibitors.
Keywords: β-lactam antibiotics; β-lactamase inhibitors; bacterial infections β-lactam antibiotics; β-lactamase inhibitors; bacterial infections

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Qin, W.; Panunzio, M.; Biondi, S. β-Lactam Antibiotics Renaissance. Antibiotics 2014, 3, 193-215.

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