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Pipeline of Known Chemical Classes of Antibiotics
AbstractMany approaches are used to discover new antibiotic compounds, one of the most widespread being the chemical modification of known antibiotics. This type of discovery has been so important in the development of new antibiotics that most antibiotics used today belong to the same chemical classes as antibiotics discovered in the 1950s and 1960s. Even though the discovery of new classes of antibiotics is urgently needed, the chemical modification of antibiotics in known classes is still widely used to discover new antibiotics, resulting in a great number of compounds in the discovery and clinical pipeline that belong to existing classes. In this scenario, the present article presents an overview of the R&D pipeline of new antibiotics in known classes of antibiotics, from discovery to clinical trial, in order to map out the technological trends in this type of antibiotic R&D, aiming to identify the chemical classes attracting most interest, their spectrum of activity, and the new subclasses under development. The result of the study shows that the new antibiotics in the pipeline belong to the following chemical classes: quinolones, aminoglycosides, macrolides, oxazolidinones, tetracyclines, pleuromutilins, beta-lactams, lipoglycopeptides, polymyxins and cyclic lipopeptides.
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de Souza Mendes, C.D.; de Souza Antunes, A.M. Pipeline of Known Chemical Classes of Antibiotics. Antibiotics 2013, 2, 500-534.View more citation formats
de Souza Mendes CD, de Souza Antunes AM. Pipeline of Known Chemical Classes of Antibiotics. Antibiotics. 2013; 2(4):500-534.Chicago/Turabian Style
de Souza Mendes, Cristina D.; de Souza Antunes, Adelaide M. 2013. "Pipeline of Known Chemical Classes of Antibiotics." Antibiotics 2, no. 4: 500-534.
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