Antibiotics 2013, 2(2), 288-315; doi:10.3390/antibiotics2020288
Review

Multiple Pathways of Genome Plasticity Leading to Development of Antibiotic Resistance

1 Institut Pasteur, Unité Plasticité du Génome Bactérien, Paris 75015, France 2 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 3525, Paris 75015, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 March 2013; in revised form: 21 May 2013 / Accepted: 23 May 2013 / Published: 30 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibiotic Resistance)
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Abstract: The emergence of multi-resistant bacterial strains is a major source of concern and has been correlated with the widespread use of antibiotics. The origins of resistance are intensively studied and many mechanisms involved in resistance have been identified, such as exogenous gene acquisition by horizontal gene transfer (HGT), mutations in the targeted functions, and more recently, antibiotic tolerance through persistence. In this review, we focus on factors leading to integron rearrangements and gene capture facilitating antibiotic resistance acquisition, maintenance and spread. The role of stress responses, such as the SOS response, is discussed.
Keywords: integron; SOS; sub-MIC; reactive oxygen species; horizontal gene transfer; RpoS; CRP

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MDPI and ACS Style

Baharoglu, Z.; Garriss, G.; Mazel, D. Multiple Pathways of Genome Plasticity Leading to Development of Antibiotic Resistance. Antibiotics 2013, 2, 288-315.

AMA Style

Baharoglu Z, Garriss G, Mazel D. Multiple Pathways of Genome Plasticity Leading to Development of Antibiotic Resistance. Antibiotics. 2013; 2(2):288-315.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Baharoglu, Zeynep; Garriss, Geneviève; Mazel, Didier. 2013. "Multiple Pathways of Genome Plasticity Leading to Development of Antibiotic Resistance." Antibiotics 2, no. 2: 288-315.

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